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Its also worth adding that the social democracies of Europe can be seen as non-capitalistic because of the use of progressive taxation; they can be seen, in Marxs terms, as a synthesis of 19C pure capitalism, with the antithesis of communism to synthesise the current political consensus; but with increasing globalisation, one might expect a similar but also very different regime globally - the notion of a global civil society.

Negri & Hardt analyse this motion in their triplet of books - Empire, Multitude & Commonwealth; Empire is the regime of Capital in its global situation (thesis), Multitude is the response (anti-thesis) and Commonwealth (synthesis).

Its also worth adding that the social democracies of Europe can be seen as non-capitalistic because of the use of progressive taxation; they can be seen, in Marxs terms, as a synthesis of 19C pure capitalism, with the antithesis of communism to synthesise the current political consensus; but with increasing globalisation, one might expect a similar but also very different regime globally - the notion of a global civil society.

Negri & Hardt analyse this motion in their triplet of books - Empire, Multitude & Commonwealth; Empire is the regime of Capital in its global situation (thesis), Multitude is the response (anti-thesis) and Commonwealth (synthesis).

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Here Marx is using quantitative & qualitative in a special way; it would be better to have said that the first is superficial and the second deeper. Looking at Hume is-ought problem on the question of the provenance, the gap between what is the case and what ought to be the case; a situation resolved by Hume in his psychology; we see this as the origin of moral values; in this form one can also ask what is the origin of economic values - the apple on a tree nor the oil on a ground comes with a price-tag - one can go back to Hume here, by analogy, and say tat it is rooted in human psychology, and the measure of this via Marx is labour; classically it is determined by scarcity; but one notes here that labour is in a positive relation to scarcity; what is very scarce takes a great deal of labour to obtain. For example a diamond is valued because it sparkles and is beautiful (the psychology), they are hard to find (scarcity) and hence costs a great deal to extract (labour). One ought to note, that at least philosophically, that all labour should count; and this means that of the mine-owner as well as that of the miners, and those who transport them - thats why this labour is called socially abstract.

Here Marx is using quantitative & qualitative in a special way; it would be better to have said that the first is superficial and the second deeper. Looking at Hume is-ought problem on the question of the provenance, the gap between what is the case and what ought to be the case; a situation resolved by Hume in his psychology; we see this as the origin of moral values; in this form one can also ask what is the origin of economic values - the apple on a tree nor the oil on a ground comes with a price-tag - one can go back to Hume here, by analogy, and say tat it is rooted in human psychology, and the measure of this via Marx is labour; classically it is determined by scarcity; but one notes here that labour is in a positive relation to scarcity; what is very scarce takes a great deal of labour to obtain. For example a diamond is valued because it sparkles and is beautiful (the psychology), they are hard to find (scarcity) and hence costs a great deal to extract (labour).

Here Marx is using quantitative & qualitative in a special way; it would be better to have said that the first is superficial and the second deeper. Looking at Hume is-ought problem on the question of the provenance, the gap between what is the case and what ought to be the case; a situation resolved by Hume in his psychology; we see this as the origin of moral values; in this form one can also ask what is the origin of economic values - the apple on a tree nor the oil on a ground comes with a price-tag - one can go back to Hume here, by analogy, and say tat it is rooted in human psychology, and the measure of this via Marx is labour; classically it is determined by scarcity; but one notes here that labour is in a positive relation to scarcity; what is very scarce takes a great deal of labour to obtain. For example a diamond is valued because it sparkles and is beautiful (the psychology), they are hard to find (scarcity) and hence costs a great deal to extract (labour). One ought to note, that at least philosophically, that all labour should count; and this means that of the mine-owner as well as that of the miners, and those who transport them - thats why this labour is called socially abstract.

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In general terms, Marxs theory seems to have been borne out empirically.empirically; this doesn't mean that there are parts of his theory that will be wrong or evasive - there will be; but enough is true that its worth understanding exactly how it fits together.

In general terms, Marxs theory seems to have been borne out empirically.

In general terms, Marxs theory seems to have been borne out empirically; this doesn't mean that there are parts of his theory that will be wrong or evasive - there will be; but enough is true that its worth understanding exactly how it fits together.

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