3 Emended grammar and syntax
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Metaphysics is the title of a collection of lectures by AristotelesAristotle. The name is not by Aristotle but due to a later librarian who edited all scriptures of Aristotle. The librarian arranged the scripts in question behind Aristotle's scripts on physics which in Greek means meta ta physica.

Aritoteles deals inIn his lectures, Aristotle deals with mostmostly general philosophical question which are fundamental forquestions fundamental to all sciences. E.g. he asks for the first causes (aitiaaitia) and principles (archaiarchai), see Met. 981.b27ff.

Aristotle names two principles from logic, the principle of non-contradiction (Met. 1005b.17ff) and the tertium non daturtertium non datur, i.e. each proposition is either true or false (Met. 1011b,23ff).

Concerning the first causes of things Aristotle develops the doctrine of the four causes: To understand and to explain the objects around us one should ask four questions: What is the thing made from (causa materialis), what are its chracteristicscharacteristics (causa formalis), why does it change (cause efficiens), what is its goal (cause finalis)? (Met. I 988a. 20f).

So far a short introduction to the origin of metaphysics in Europe. ATo me, a good point to start seems to mebe reading the first two books of Aristotle: Metaphysics.

Since the times of Aristotle, his teacher Plato and their precursors in Ionian, in Greek and in the Greek colonies in South Italy the subject of metaphysics occupied Western philosophers until today. I just reference two works Kant: Critique of Pure Reason and Heidegger: What is Metaphysics?

Metaphysics is the title of a collection of lectures by Aristoteles. The name is not by Aristotle but due to a later librarian who edited all scriptures of Aristotle. The librarian arranged the scripts in question behind Aristotle's scripts on physics which in Greek means meta ta physica.

Aritoteles deals in his lectures with most general philosophical question which are fundamental for all sciences. E.g. he asks for the first causes (aitia) and principles (archai), see Met. 981.b27ff.

Aristotle names two principles from logic, the principle of non-contradiction (Met. 1005b.17ff) and the tertium non datur, i.e. each proposition is either true or false (Met. 1011b,23ff).

Concerning the first causes of things Aristotle develops the doctrine of the four causes: To understand and to explain the objects around us one should ask four questions: What is the thing made from (causa materialis), what are its chracteristics (causa formalis), why does it change (cause efficiens), what is its goal (cause finalis)? (Met. I 988a. 20f).

So far a short introduction to the origin of metaphysics in Europe. A good point to start seems to me reading the first two books of Aristotle: Metaphysics.

Since the times of Aristotle, his teacher Plato and their precursors in Ionian, in Greek and in the Greek colonies in South Italy the subject of metaphysics occupied Western philosophers until today. I just reference two works Kant: Critique of Pure Reason and Heidegger: What is Metaphysics?

Metaphysics is the title of a collection of lectures by Aristotle. The name is not by Aristotle but due to a later librarian who edited all scriptures of Aristotle. The librarian arranged the scripts in question behind Aristotle's scripts on physics which in Greek means meta ta physica.

In his lectures, Aristotle deals with mostly general philosophical questions fundamental to all sciences. E.g. he asks for the first causes (aitia) and principles (archai), see Met. 981.b27ff.

Aristotle names two principles from logic, the principle of non-contradiction (Met. 1005b.17ff) and the tertium non datur, i.e. each proposition is either true or false (Met. 1011b,23ff).

Concerning the first causes of things Aristotle develops the doctrine of the four causes: To understand and to explain the objects around us one should ask four questions: What is the thing made from (causa materialis), what are its characteristics (causa formalis), why does it change (cause efficiens), what is its goal (cause finalis)? (Met. I 988a. 20f).

So far a short introduction to the origin of metaphysics in Europe. To me, a good point to start seems to be reading the first two books of Aristotle: Metaphysics.

Since the times of Aristotle, his teacher Plato and their precursors in Ionian, in Greek and in the Greek colonies in South Italy the subject of metaphysics occupied Western philosophers until today. I just reference two works Kant: Critique of Pure Reason and Heidegger: What is Metaphysics?

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Metaphysics is the title of a collection of lectures by Aristoteles. The name is not by Aristotle but due to a later librarian who edited all scriptures of Aristotle. The librarian arranged the scripts in question behind Aristotle's scripts on physics which in Greek means meta ta physica.

Aritoteles deals in his lectures with most general philosophical question which are fundamental for all sciences. E.g. he asks for the first causes (aitia) and principles (archai), see Met. 981.b27ff.

Aristotle names two principles from logic, the principle of non-contradiction (Met. 1005b.17ff) and the tertium non datur, i.e. each proposition is either true or false (Met. 1011b,23ff).

Concerning the first causes of things Aristotle develops the doctrine of the four causes: To understand and to explain the objects around us one should ask four questions: What is the thing made from (causa materialis), what are its chracteristics (causa formalis), why does it change (cause efficiens), what is its goal (cause finalis)? (Met. I 988a. 20f).

So far a short introduction to the origin of metaphysics in Europe. A good point to start seems to me reading the first two books of Aristotle: Metaphysics.

Since the times of Aristotle, his teacher Plato and their forerunnersprecursors in Ionian, in Greek and in the Greek colonies in South Italy the subject of metaphysics occupied Western philosophers until today. I just reference two works Kant: Critique of Pure Reason and Heidegger: What is Metaphysics?

Metaphysics is the title of a collection of lectures by Aristoteles. The name is not by Aristotle but due to a later librarian who edited all scriptures of Aristotle. The librarian arranged the scripts in question behind Aristotle's scripts on physics which in Greek means meta ta physica.

Aritoteles deals in his lectures with most general philosophical question which are fundamental for all sciences. E.g. he asks for the first causes (aitia) and principles (archai), see Met. 981.b27ff.

Aristotle names two principles from logic, the principle of non-contradiction (Met. 1005b.17ff) and the tertium non datur, i.e. each proposition is either true or false (Met. 1011b,23ff).

Concerning the first causes of things Aristotle develops the doctrine of the four causes: To understand and to explain the objects around us one should ask four questions: What is the thing made from (causa materialis), what are its chracteristics (causa formalis), why does it change (cause efficiens), what is its goal (cause finalis)? (Met. I 988a. 20f).

So far a short introduction to the origin of metaphysics in Europe. A good point to start seems to me reading the first two books of Aristotle: Metaphysics.

Since the times of Aristotle, his teacher Plato and their forerunners in Ionian, in Greek and in the Greek colonies in South Italy the subject of metaphysics occupied Western philosophers until today. I just reference two works Kant: Critique of Pure Reason and Heidegger: What is Metaphysics?

Metaphysics is the title of a collection of lectures by Aristoteles. The name is not by Aristotle but due to a later librarian who edited all scriptures of Aristotle. The librarian arranged the scripts in question behind Aristotle's scripts on physics which in Greek means meta ta physica.

Aritoteles deals in his lectures with most general philosophical question which are fundamental for all sciences. E.g. he asks for the first causes (aitia) and principles (archai), see Met. 981.b27ff.

Aristotle names two principles from logic, the principle of non-contradiction (Met. 1005b.17ff) and the tertium non datur, i.e. each proposition is either true or false (Met. 1011b,23ff).

Concerning the first causes of things Aristotle develops the doctrine of the four causes: To understand and to explain the objects around us one should ask four questions: What is the thing made from (causa materialis), what are its chracteristics (causa formalis), why does it change (cause efficiens), what is its goal (cause finalis)? (Met. I 988a. 20f).

So far a short introduction to the origin of metaphysics in Europe. A good point to start seems to me reading the first two books of Aristotle: Metaphysics.

Since the times of Aristotle, his teacher Plato and their precursors in Ionian, in Greek and in the Greek colonies in South Italy the subject of metaphysics occupied Western philosophers until today. I just reference two works Kant: Critique of Pure Reason and Heidegger: What is Metaphysics?

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Metaphysics is the title of a collection of lectures by Aristoteles. The name is not by Aristotle but due to a later librarian who edited all scriptures of Aristotle. The librarian arranged the scripts in question behind Aristotle's scripts on physics which in Greek means meta ta physica.

Aritoteles deals in his lectures with most general philosophical question which are fundamental for all sciences. E.g. he asks for the first causes (aitia) and principles (archai), see Met. 981.b27ff.

Aristotle names two principles from logic, the principle of non-contradiction (Met. 1005b.17ff) and the tertium non datur, i.e. each proposition is either true or false (Met. 1011b,23ff).

Concerning the first causes of things Aristotle develops the doctrine of the four causes: To understand and to explain the objects around us one should ask four questions: What is the thing made from (causa materialis), what are its chracteristics (causa formalis), why does it change (cause efficiens), what is its goal (cause finalis)? (Met. I 988a. 20f).

So far a short introduction to the origin of metaphysics in Europe. A good point to start seems to me reading the first two books of Aristotle: Metaphysics.

Since the times of Aristotle, his teacher Plato and their forerunners in Ionian, in Greek and in the Greek colonies in South Italy the subject of metaphysics occupied Western philosophers until today. I just reference two works Kant: Critique of Pure Reason and Heidegger: What is Metaphysics?