All Questions

1
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1answer
26 views

Question regarding diagonalization

Suppose we construct a choice function that separates R/{0} in the interval (0,1) (viewed in base 2) into two sets A and B each consisting of an arbitrary element chosen from every pair of complements....
1
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1answer
37 views

How does one go about proving (A&B)⊃C |- A⊃(B⊃C)?

I am relatively new to logic and deductive reasoning, so this problem has been giving me some trouble. I want to start with an assumption of (A&B) and try to isolate a subproof where I can then ...
1
vote
1answer
10 views

Why might one prefer rule utilitarianism over act utilitarianism?

I understand the difference between both schools of thought but why is rule utilitarianism thought to be better? With context to this question. What is the difference between Rule Utilitarianism and ...
2
votes
2answers
17 views

How do you prove B v A |- A v B?

I am having trouble with how to use the assumption, which I feel that I will need for this proof. If any one can demonstrate or give hints for this proof, I would greatly appreciate it.
2
votes
0answers
20 views

How does Martin Heidegger want us to react to anxiety?

Introduction: After the world of Das Mann lose its significance and becomes meaningless, one falls in anxiety and he's able to embrace other possibilities. But this anxiety is converted ...
0
votes
3answers
51 views

Why nations of Earth have forbidden the cloning on humans?

Suppose, there’s WW3 and a country is out of soldiers, and the only thing a country can do to have more soldiers is by cloning a person. I heard that it is illegal to clone humans, but only animals ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

Does rejecting the law of the excluded middle mean rejecting it for all propositions or only for those one cannot derive?

Wikipedia describes the law of the excluded middle as such: In logic, the law of excluded middle (or the principle of excluded middle) states that for any proposition, either that proposition is ...
1
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0answers
13 views

What is Jean Jacques Rousseau's basic idea of individuality

Are we social or solitary by Rousseau's reckoning? How do his arguments stand in relation to Aristotle's idea of humans as essentially social or political?
0
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0answers
33 views

How to define opposing character traits [on hold]

When dealing with opposing concepts like good/evil, generous/selfish in a person, you could view them as opposite ends of one spectrum so that the more you have of one the less you have of the other. ...
2
votes
2answers
21 views

Are the Bohmian and Copenhagen interpretations of QM isomorphic?

I'm writing an essay comparing Bohmian Mechanics to the standard Copenhagen interpretation and came across the notion that Bohmian mechanics implies a fundamental epistemic uncertainty to how we can ...
1
vote
3answers
60 views

unanswerable questions

Let me define "unanswerable question" as one that must use at least one term whose definition depends on the answer to the question. Let me define "a ranking" as a sequence by which priority is ...
0
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0answers
12 views

How can one object against Aristotle's idea of humans essentially being social and not individual?

I am trying to see how will john locke and Jean jacques rosseau respond to the claims made by aristotle here
0
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0answers
15 views

How can jean jacques rousseau respond to Marx's argument about jean being ahistorical while talking about man being a social animal or not?

Jean believes that man is self sufficient without society and is essentially individual to which Marx can object that he's not considering the progress of human being with respect to time and history. ...
2
votes
3answers
77 views

What analytic philosophers were concerned with meaninglessness?

What analytic philosophers were concerned primarily with meaninglessness, and where can I read what they said about it? I just find the idea interesting, but I want to circumvent existentialism for a ...
4
votes
2answers
37 views

Why does Parmenides impose a limit on his Being?

Parmenides mentions twice in the poem what-is has limit in the part where he talks that what-is is “like the bulk of ball” (B8: lines 42, 49, pages 60, 61). 42: But since the limit is ultimate, ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Why do we answer questions based off philosophers from the past (i.e. Aristotle, Socrates, Plato, etc.)?

I've noticed on the Philosophy Exchange that all questions are answered with references to secure a more logical and strengthened argument (which is sensible), but why do we assume that these ...
2
votes
2answers
95 views

How is the theory of divine revelation coherent?

There is a long history of Christian philosophy† drawing a distinction between knowledge gained from rational/empirical sources and knowledge from divine revelation. It seems Tertullian was one of the ...
3
votes
2answers
93 views

Why does Wittgenstein think there are no genuine philosophical questions?

According to the movie I didn't get the part: https://youtu.be/r0cN_bpLrxk?t=201 "there are linguistic, ethical, logistic and religious but there are no genuine philosophical problems [...] ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Is there a hybrid between non-cognitivism and cognitivism?

Non-Cognitivism is the view that ethical sentences cannot be true or false (that they do not form propositions) and Cognitivism that it can. I hold to the notion that ethical sentences such as "...
4
votes
2answers
44 views

How would you define ‘existence’?

I was talking to a friend, and she said: even before the Big Bang and the origin of space and time, still something existed. That sparked the question: how would you define ‘existence’? What ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

When confronted with early Islamic philosophy, would one's time be better spent just reading Aristotle, Plato, Plotinus?

I have been reading Avicenna, al-Razi, al-Kindi, and others, and I have noticed that almost nothing is an original work in the realm of philosophy, especially as it applies to metaphysics. al-Farabi ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Falling towards extreme skepticism [duplicate]

I'm starting to head down the path to extreme skepticism. I know you cant get validation for X from the same source that gave you X. So, since I gather all my information through my perception, and ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

How many people of all religions new or old believe in a violent end times? [on hold]

Billions of people ascribe to religions which hold that a destructive end time is necessary - Abrahamic Religions, Norse, Hindu and others. This may be more of a sociology question, really, but is ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Does Quantum vs Classical Reality implicate contradictions in mathematical models

Background I'm defining the Classical Reality as everything having a given state therefore with enough knowledge about the state of everything at the smallest particle level we can theoretically ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Introduction to Heidegger

I have not read anything of Heidegger and I'm am interested in starting. I understand that "Being and Time" can be very difficult, so what would be a good place to start? (including books by others).
-2
votes
2answers
153 views

Logic related to Cantor's argument [on hold]

Suppose we construct a choice function that separates R/{0} in the interval (0,1) (viewed in base 2) into two sets A and B each consisting of an arbitrary element chosen from every pair of complements....
2
votes
1answer
295 views

Aristotle's Categories with academic commentary

I am looking for books on Aristotle's Categories with academic commentary, preferably with references to further development of logic.
2
votes
1answer
37 views

How to translate classical logic to basic Kripkean logic?

I'm trying to semantically prove the following argument (sorry about the formatting - I'm new to stackexchange): if P ⊨c Q then ⊨k 򪪪(P → Q) However, I don't know how to translate or relate the ...
5
votes
1answer
170 views

Why does Russell's writing suggest that Kant was right about mathematics being synthetic a priori?

As I was reading "The problems of philosophy" by Bertrand Russell I got the impression that Kant was right and Hume was wrong in the case of a priori knowledge of synthetic mathematic nature and I'm ...
5
votes
1answer
55 views

How to think about exploiting the body of a dead slave

In a museum in Cuba, the skeleton of a slave is on display. He is named, and he died near the end of Cuban slavery, about 1880. He died in his twenties. I stood looking into the display case. Of ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

In the Critique of Pure Reason, what is the difference between “schema” and “synthesis”?

I don't understand the difference between Schema and Synthesis. I have read the First Critique and I see Kant is using the words "schema" and "synthesis" as "intermediate" between intuitions and ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

What exactly is Kant's argument for the universality of judgements of beauty?

Why am I allowed to demand that everyone agree with me when it comes to judgement of beauty? I see two places in the critique where Kant answers this: The first place is in section 6 (second moment)...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

Was Jan Smuts the father of Holism?

With reference: Jan C. Smuts, Holism and Evolution https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Smuts With what I've found so far it seems he has had an enormous impact on the world that we have, so: Is ...
0
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0answers
11 views

Is Nietzsche an Ethical Egoist?

“My philosophy aims at an ordering of rank: not at an individualistic morality. The ideas of the herd should rule in the herd—but not reach out beyond it: the leaders of the herds require a ...
2
votes
3answers
60 views

McGee's Counterexample to Modus Ponens

I'd like to start off by saying that I have read the other posts in the Math StackExchange and here about this paper, but I think my question is a bit different from those although it does stem from ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

Can emergent substance dualism account for why creatures have consciousness without invoking a divinity giving it to them?

Emergent dualism is a view where consciousness is a substance that arises due to a certain arrangement of matter. So, can this explain that consciousness as a fundamental substance, can be given to ...
0
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2answers
86 views

Are there any certainties besides “Cogito, ergo sum”?

Descartes said, "Cogito, ergo sum(I think, therefore I am)". I agree with him on the fact that this is the only thing that we can ever truly know for sure. Is there anyone who could tell me if there ...
0
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3answers
119 views

if only one thing exists, nothing exists?

If one thing does not differ from any other, it has no identity (it has no properties, features, limits...). If something has no identity, it's not a thing. So only one thing can't exist. i.e.: I ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Are thoughts qualia?

There seems to be a very clean distinction between two types of experience: external stimuli, and internal experience. The external stimuli, in one model, are qualia. Qualia are objects that may be ...
1
vote
2answers
32 views

can you rationally believe in an ever changing identity, but also believe that parts of us persevere?

Is it possible to rationally believe that certain aspects of the identity don't change, while still acknowledging the fact that we are not the same person we were an instant ago? In other words, is it ...
0
votes
1answer
130 views

Is 'veganism' a settled issue in Philosophy and Ethics?

I have been having discussions with some rather enthusiastic vegans who have a degree in philosophy, and they have been trying to convince me that it is a settled issue in ethics and philosophy that ...
1
vote
5answers
95 views

If the universe evolves according to mathematical laws, does that imply God exists?

I am an atheist. The theists I meet, mostly, try to place religion and science as opposite viewpoints and thus, I have never seen them argue as follows: Science has been successful. Mathematical laws ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Worshiping Jesus and saints

Mainstream Christians do not worship the Essence of God itself (may be because it is too impersonal and impossible to grasp for creature), but as it is eternally manifested in the Trinity. Even with ...
0
votes
4answers
58 views

Is value purely based on preference?

To me, value seems like just an arbitrary concept we attach to things based off of how positively or negatively they currently/eventually will effect us. Since whether or not things can be positive or ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Why should life have any more value than death? [on hold]

When I die, I won't enter eternity, as my concept of eternity has to come from a conscious being. When I am dead I am not conscious, therefore not only will I not be able to conceptualize eternity, ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Are analogies logical arguments?

I have heard several analogies that attempt to give people a better understanding of the Christian trinity. Some compare it to H2O and how water can be solid, liquid, or gas. However, this is a form ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

How to derive (∃x)(y)(Ax ⊃ By) from (x)Ax ⊃ (y)By?

Upon multiple attempts, I keep arriving at the same conclusion, but I believe this is not right. How shall one proceed with this one? I've exhausted the resources I have at my reach.
0
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0answers
16 views

Is this a solution to the disjunction problem of causal representation?

As I understand it, the disjunction problem is how could a causal theory of inner representation account for mistaken identification of external objects or object types. For example, if I see a fox ...
0
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0answers
42 views

Fallacy of Composition

This may seem like a ridiculous question but bear with me. The fallacy of composition is an error of assuming what is true of a part of the group is true of the whole. If specific means "clearly ...
0
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8answers
178 views

Can we ask an infinite amount of questions or is there a limit to how many questions we can ask? [on hold]

I've been thinking about the nature of questions and answers to questions. Can I ask people opinions on whether they think it is possible to ask an infinite amount of questions or do we as human ...

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