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12 views

Can not believing a false statement qualify as knowledge?

The statement "Lions live in Africa" is true. Therefore, believing it qualifies as knowledge, but not believing it is does not. The statement "Lions live in Norway" is false. Therefore, neither ...
0
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0answers
8 views

What is a philosophical term for all the information stored in one's mind?

Knowledge is commonly defined as the the intersection of truth and justified belief. But people also have lots of false ideas in their heads. Is there a philosophical term for the sum total of ...
0
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1answer
21 views

According to Aquinas, why doesn't God need a cause but everything else does? Why would God resolve the problem of infinite regress?

Do you think the explanation for the universe could be something physical or does it have to be metaphysical?
-2
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0answers
12 views

What would Plato and Aristotle say about Christian doctrines of “Incarnation" and “bodily Resurrection?”

Do you think one of them would be more open to these Christian doctrines than the other?
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0answers
8 views

What is the difference between the private and the public use of freedom according to Kant?

What is the difference between the private and the public use of freedom according to Kant ?
2
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0answers
33 views

This statement is in a disjunction with itself

Are the following listed statements equivalent? 1: (1) is in a disjunction with (1) 1: (1) is in a disjunction with (1) OR 1: (1) is in a disjunction with (1) (the intended meaning of (1) is '...
1
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1answer
27 views

Is the proposition “I feel happy” analytic or synthetic?

If we consider the statement to be true, assumedly the predicate "happy" is contained within the subject "I", and would therefore be analytic. Would this also make all subjective statements analytic?
3
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1answer
30 views

Can it be rational to have beliefs one knows to be inconsistent?

It seems that the answer would be yes, especially when we think about the example of the preface paradox (authors stating in prefaces "the errors that are found herein are mine alone", i.e. believing ...
2
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4answers
107 views

Can we define the act of defining?

Defining concepts used in an argument is the most important step of that argument as it determines our question and makes it objective. However, what is the definition of this act of definition? Can ...
1
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1answer
61 views

Truth values of sentences

Frege proposed that the meaning of a sentence is its truth value in "Über Sinn und Bedeutung" (close to "On Name and Meaning"). This is not correct because some (many) English sentences do not have ...
0
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1answer
31 views

Is a good being, also just?

Question: Does a good being, also have to be just/fair? Side Question: What philosophers/resources would be recommended to research such an idea?
2
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2answers
162 views

If I think life has meaning, then does that mean life is not meaningless? [closed]

I see some people say that life/existence is meaningless. However, I assign existence with meaning, therefore it's NOT meaningless. Yes?
-1
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2answers
91 views

How can a belief in the 'objectivity' of the scientific method be anything other than mythical transcendence?

The Scientific method purportedly achieves the deriving of objective truth by removing the unavoidably subjective nature of human knowledge from the loop. This system claims that by following ...
2
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1answer
43 views

What does 'mode' mean in Spinoza's Ethics?

He defines 'mode' in this way: By mode I understand the affections of a substance, or that which is in another through which it is also conceived. But it's not clear to me what this means. Could ...
-1
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0answers
139 views

Has any philosopher, perhaps from antiquity, talked about different sorts of enjoyment?

Has any philosopher, perhaps from antiquity, talked about different sorts of enjoyment or happiness, aside from moral and immoral ones? My question is life based, not from reading philosophy. But ...
-2
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0answers
30 views

When is valid KK principle and when is not valid KK principle? [closed]

In: Epistemic Logic and Epistemology. Author: Wesley H. Holliday (University of California, Berkeley)
0
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3answers
75 views

Do HeLa cells prove immortality?

Does modern science, especially HeLa cells, prove that immortality (in the classic sense) is real (for these cells) or possible in the future?
0
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1answer
49 views

Can supervaluationism relate to the abortion debate? If so, how?

So I'm writing an essay on the Sorites paradox and how it relates to the abortion debate. One resolution to the paradox I was reading about came from supervaluationism, but I'm not entirely sure if or ...
3
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2answers
160 views

Reference Request: Where can I read about philosophy of the digital arts?

I am interested in reading about ways to evaluate art that are done solely by computers (computer generated art) or otherwise by the help of computers or by the usage of computers such as in digital ...
2
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2answers
58 views

How is rationalism still used today?

This was a test question in my class I thought I had the right answer to, but apparently got wrong. How would you answer this? If experimental sciences demonstrate that empiricism has "won the day", ...
2
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2answers
271 views

Are state secrets compatible with Democracy?

In some western countries some government agencies and intelligence services withdraw information from the general public on the pretext of "national security" or "public safety". eg. 1: The American ...
-1
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1answer
146 views

Did God have a choice in creating our universe?

Einstein asked this question originally : What really interests me is whether God could have created the world any differently; in other words, whether the requirement of logical simplicity admits ...
-1
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0answers
17 views

Is there any literary or entertainment merit in reading the Grand Ethics or Eudemian ethics?

I have already read Nichomachean Ethics 2 times and loved it. I especially like Arisotles prose style and especially his sense of humor. It is said that his other two works on ethics cover ...
0
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0answers
296 views

How did Buddhism philosophy influence on Hideki Yukawa's thought?

Since physicist Hideki Yukawa was somewhat influenced by Oriental and Buddhist philosophy, he had some ideas about the complementarity of opposite things. In fact, when Niels Bohr published his ...
0
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2answers
66 views

Neo-liberal capitalism

In an academic paper I am trying to argue that there is a stark difference between neoliberal capitalism and traditional religions (Islam, Christianity, Buddhism etc.). Do you know of any philosopher ...
0
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1answer
45 views

How can one prove ∃𝑥(𝐹(𝑥)→𝐺(𝑥)) given the premise ∃𝑥𝐹(𝑥)→∃𝑥𝐺(𝑥)?

Premise: ∃𝑥𝐹(𝑥)→∃𝑥𝐺(𝑥) Desired Conclusion: ∃𝑥(𝐹(𝑥)→𝐺(𝑥))
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Is it possible for an argument to be logically valid but not truth-functionally valid?

Truth-functionally valid: there is no truth value assignment for which the premises (of an argument) are true yet the conclusion is false. I am told that there are arguments which are logically valid ...
0
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0answers
33 views

Brain question, Need help solving for class. Logic Philosophy [closed]

LOGIC and PHILOSOPHY A reasonable believer is one whose beliefs include Q if they also include both P and (If P, then Q), and who trusts the results of her reasoning while remaining introspective ...
1
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1answer
73 views

Do we have a right to know some things?

Do we have a right to know some things? Obviously you don't have a moral right to know what I had for breakfast today -- though you might be able to find out [it was pizza]. And we have a right to ...
0
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0answers
34 views

An addict's argument [closed]

An addict argues that he or she would rather die "happy" than struggle with quitting... is this a logical fallacy? And if they consider their existence to be meaningful, is it ethical to insist that ...
0
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0answers
26 views

What is the symbolic content of the Lakotan sun-dance in terms of Lakotan philosophy?

I've read that in the sun-dance, a religious ceremony carried by the Lakotan Indians, the hands and feet are painted red; and the shoulders are painted blue. The latter is to signify the spirit of the ...
4
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1answer
419 views

What is the original text of Lao Zi’s quote “When I let go of what I am, I become what I might be”?

I can not find the original quote in Chinese. It may be so difficult because the original text is probably very far from "When I let go of what I am...". Does anyone know what the original Chinese ...
2
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2answers
88 views

Are Pathos, Logos, and Ethos equally valid?

The three main ways of reasoning are Pathos, Ethos, and Logos. I have tended to see Pathos as inferior to Ethos and Logos because it appears to rely more on emotions than on facts. But does it really ?...
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0answers
33 views

Is there a sentence of this form? [closed]

Is there a set of sentences Γ with no predicates besides "=" with the property that an interpretation is a model of Γ iff the size of the domain is a finite multiple of three?
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1answer
28 views
2
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2answers
115 views

Is this argument valid, and will the God accept this motivation of praying?

To me, given my limited religious understanding, it is really probable for Islam to be true, but I am not 100% sure. I just don't know the truth. However, I see this to be problematic: this not being ...
-3
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0answers
38 views

Specifically a philosophy question [closed]

What are the points of you or me? I don't want an answer. Banish me.
-1
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0answers
451 views

Was there any 20th century physicist that proposed the existence of a multiverse and at the same time accepted Birkhoff's/von Neumann's quantum logic? [closed]

Was there any well renowned and Nobel laureate physicist from the last century who believed that multiple universes/realities existed and at the same time liked Birkhoff's/von Neumann's quantum logic ...
2
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0answers
52 views

Did physicist Erwin Schrödinger propose that reality could have contradictions?

Did Schrödinger believe that contradictory or inconsistent things could exist in reality? Was Schrödinger some kind of dialetheist?
3
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1answer
65 views

Which of common rules of inference are rejected on some philosophical grounds?

My question is: is there a mathematical or philosophical basis for rejecting any of the following rules of inference? If yes, then what is the argument for rejecting any of them? I am asking this ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Question about v-variants of variable assignments

In Full Predicate Calculus, some variable assignment q satisfies a disjunction under interpretation U if q satisfies one or both disjuncts under U, it satisfies a conjunction under interpretation U if ...
2
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1answer
55 views

Is it true that an argument cannot be both inductive and cogent?

I have been asked a question in class where we would need to pick out the false statement from a given set of options. The problem is that I am not really sure why my answer was wrong? Here is the ...
5
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2answers
315 views

What does the philosopher Bruno Latour mean when he claims that we have never been modern?

I am trying to read Bruno Latour's paper "A cautious Prometheus? A few steps towards philosophy of design" but have no background in philosophy and so would be happy if someone could help me out ...
5
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2answers
245 views

What is the word for 'regarding the structure of a theory'?

I want to analyse some thermodynamical theories, i.e. theories that are concerned with temperature, heat, pressure, volume, states, systems etc. etc. These theories obviously differ in many ways. ...
0
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0answers
29 views

Deductive or Inductive [closed]

If Joe was envenomated by a black mamba (Dendroaspis polylepis) and received no anti-venom, then Joe will die. Joe was envenomated by a black mamba and didn't receive anti-venom. Hence, Joe will die.
0
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0answers
49 views

Is Kant's transcendental logic a kind of erotetic logic?

In the first Critique, Kant presents a "problematical" concept of the ideation of reason, e.g. he talks about a focus imaginarium or something at one point. And his discourse on noumena as not "...
0
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3answers
90 views

How can the mere observation of race (without an assertion of equivalence) logically be considered racism?

During a social situation in which one observes the race of a person, I have heard the argument that it is racist to refer to that person by his or her race. Let's say that I have "hypothetically" ...
3
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1answer
27 views

How does supervaluationism resolve the Sorites paradox? Are there any problems with this resolution?

So I was reading about resolutions to the Sorites paradox, and I got most of them, but I didn't understand the one labelled supervaluationism. Would someone explain it to me in very basic terms please?...
1
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1answer
71 views

Did Sellars's argument against the Myth of the Given defeat Husserl's phenomenology?

Sellars's argument against "the myth of the given" is a powerful argument defeating fundamentalism in epistemology. Edmund Husserl considered "the given" to be "unconditionally/absolutely(?) given", ...
1
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1answer
75 views

Computers, Artificial Intelligence, and Epistemology

Some classification schemes don't list logic as a separate branch of philosophy. I assume they regard logic as a component of epistemology. Of course, others regard logic as a separate branch. The ...

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