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Wittgenstein and tautology

What does it mean to say that we can attribute neither being nor non-being to the elements? a One might say: if everything that we call “being” and “non-being” consists in the obtaining and non-...
Егор Галыкин's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
41 views

Who was the philosopher whose lectures prompted suicide(s)?

I vaguely remember from the course on the History of Philosophy that a well-known philosopher has once given public lectures, after which some people commited suicides. His point of view given during ...
Unlikely's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
65 views

Does 'cancel culture' constitue black-and-white thinking? [closed]

I'm not sure if this belongs here or the psychology board, so sorry if I posted in the wrong place. I've personally been accused of being into cancel culture due to me being selective about what media ...
user8600's user avatar
  • 107
4 votes
4 answers
111 views

Is Alzheimer’s disease evidence for the non-existence of the soul?

As Alzheimer's disease kills off neurons, a person's personality and cognitive abilities gradually fade away. Doesn't this suggest that the self or "soul" is simply an emergent property of ...
Mathematician prime's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
37 views

If past behavior is the best predictor of future behavior, can we surmise that known past and present behavior is the best estimate for unknown past?

A discussion about the ever increasing earth population made me wonder about the world population in the past, when such things could not be recorded. If we accept that past behavior is truly the best ...
terramac's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
32 views

What do we mean by "philosophy "? Can anything be a subject of philosophy?

At what point does philosophy become physics or psychology or something else? Can there be, for example, a "philosophy of dogs"? I'm guessing not, because it is too narrow, but because ...
Gerry's user avatar
  • 749
3 votes
0 answers
34 views

Hegel and the problem of essence?

"Essence (which is derived from the dissolution of the boundaries between logical and metaphysical) Comparison of the Essence in Hegel and Aristotle: Hegel believed that essence is not fixed but ...
Hadibinalshiab's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
78 views

If A is justified in believing in X based on their personal experience, can B also be justified in believing in X based on A's testimony?

The title already expresses the question perfectly well, so I don't see much point in complicating the question further, beyond including a few thought-provoking examples below: Example 1: The ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 4,961
1 vote
1 answer
106 views

What do we mean by 'obligation'?

I've been thinking about what we mean by obligation, and I've come up with the following: What is an obligation? It is clear that obligation cannot be anything to do with being coerced by someone ...
A-Level Student's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
32 views

Are there circular reasoning in these explanations?

Other people have minds like mine because: 1. Other people have minds like mine: other people are biologically very similar to me the behavior of other people is very similar to my behavior. my ...
Arnold's user avatar
  • 423
5 votes
2 answers
262 views

Who coined the use of the word "entailment" in the logical sense?

Who coined the use of the word entailment in the logical sense? And to mean what exactly? Thank you for any scholarly reference. EDIT For example, there is a definition of "semantic entailment&...
Speakpigeon's user avatar
  • 7,572
0 votes
2 answers
68 views

What is causation?

I suppose the common idea of “causation” to me seems like it is supposed to reduce to physical causation, at least this is a standard worldview in modern times. In other words, the implied metaphysics ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
280 views

Are all arguments for the existence of other minds circular?

The argument from analogy and the best explanation argument (IBE) rely on the claim that my mental states are responsible for my behavior and then conclude that the behavior of other people is caused ...
Arnold's user avatar
  • 423
6 votes
3 answers
985 views

Does the current “ruling ontology” deny any possibility of a social causation of mental illness?

Mark Fisher in his book Capitalist Realism writes: The current ruling ontology denies any possibility of a social causation of mental illness. Fisher then goes on to say that the construct of “...
Muhhamedbinghazi's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
23 views

Yeats refers to a common soul in the occult tradition. What might he be referring to?

Yeats takes for granted the conception of the destiny of the human soul that is “common to the occult tradition. What is this destiny that occult traditions commonly agree the soul has? And because &...
Gerry's user avatar
  • 749
-7 votes
1 answer
46 views

What are the benefits of smoking marijuana? [closed]

I could ask this on Psychology SE but I feel like approaching it from a more philosophical angle. It is really common for people to cite scientific research like “phenomenon X has correlation Y” (like,...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
119 views

What does it mean for something to be "explained"?

Suppose I claim that things fall to the ground due to a force known as gravity. Is that explanation satisfactory? Or if I propose that molecules collided randomly, leading to the formation of the ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 4,961
3 votes
1 answer
48 views

René Descartes' and Wittgenstein Doubt: Self and the Existence of Others?

Can one doubt their own existence in the world while simultaneously doubting the existence of others? If one's being isn't present because they aren't present themselves, wouldn't that make it ...
Hadibinalshiab's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
225 views

Are there cases where psychology has offered successful scientific explanations for phenomena that neuroscience hasn't?

Firstly, is there a distinction between a psychological explanation and a neuroscientific one for the same phenomenon? Imagine if I posed a question to the entire field of psychology, seeking the best ...
Mark's user avatar
  • 4,961
6 votes
2 answers
210 views

What exactly is the implausibility and unconvincingness of solipsism?

Solipsism is unconvincing and implausible because it is a complex and confusing explanation. Solipsism offers two different explanations for no reason at all: one for my behavior and one for other ...
Arnold's user avatar
  • 423
3 votes
2 answers
93 views

What are the responsibilities of humans towards nature and human race?

An individual has to carry out various duties and fulfill the responsibilities on various levels. I tried to figure out some possible roles humans play. I believe this is an exhaustive list (if I ...
Junsui's user avatar
  • 206
0 votes
0 answers
23 views

Are Wittgenstein's aesthetic and ethical claims during the Tractatus period meant to be descriptive or prescriptive?

Are Wittgenstein's aesthetic and ethical claims during the Tractatus period meant to be descriptive or prescriptive? I read it, followed the argument and forgot most of it, but I can recall that ...
user66697's user avatar
  • 800
0 votes
0 answers
24 views

Can this argument for particularism be applied to egoism?

https://wab.uib.no/agora/tools/alws/collection-8-issue-1-article-5.annotate how can we hold on to moral principles in the face of the seeming impossibility to formulate a moral principle which is ...
user66697's user avatar
  • 800
0 votes
2 answers
39 views

Private language argument as an argument against the self and so egosim

“The words of this language are to refer to what only the speaker can know — to his immediate private sensations. So another person cannot understand the language.”... Immediately after introducing ...
user66697's user avatar
  • 800
1 vote
2 answers
114 views

Whose perspective on evidence is correct: Hitchens's razor or Carl Sagan's? [closed]

Hitchens's razor states, "What can be asserted without evidence can also be dismissed without evidence," while Carl Sagan argues, "Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence." ...
Stellan Coder's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
40 views

What amount of egoism is natural, even necessary, even moral?

In his second theorem in the Critique of Practical Reason, Kant states that a rational being's consciousness of the agreeableness of life accompanying his whole existence is happiness, and the ...
Gerry's user avatar
  • 749
0 votes
1 answer
46 views

Can a necessitarian still believe in this notion of possibility?

I am a necessitarian, meaning, I believe that the only thing that is possible is what actually happens. The reason for that is because I don't believe any possible world except this one exists. ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 6,806
8 votes
3 answers
319 views

Can the law of non-contradiction exist without the law of identity?

Lately I've been reading about Quentin Meillassoux, and it seems that the only law of logic he doesn't see as contingent is the law of non-contradiction, because if the world is what it is not, then ...
edelex's user avatar
  • 712
0 votes
0 answers
39 views

Is B(p) V B(~p) an instance of LEM in doxastic logic?

So in classical logic either p is T or p is F. But is it same in doxastic logic, ie, is B(p) V B(~p) an instance of LEM? And the second issue, is it equivalent to B(p) V ~B(p)?
Vihan 's user avatar
  • 121
3 votes
3 answers
45 views

stuck! first order logic - identities (specifically "only")

Please correct me on why these may be wrong(identities). I've tried many times but it seems I'm missing something. for they key: M(x) = is a moon, O(x,y) = x orbits y, and m = mars, e = earth Only ...
acey's user avatar
  • 31
1 vote
2 answers
76 views

Wittgenstein's chess example

When one shows someone the king in chess and says “This is the king”, one does not thereby explain to him the use of this piece a unless he already knows the rules of the game except for this last ...
Егор Галыкин's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
45 views
+50

Are the noumena and phenomena worlds or perspectives? (According to Kant)

Among the peculiarities of phenomena, Kant’s premise is that he is unable to comprehend any meaning that describes what is beyond sense. Even sensible things will be invisible to the mind, and ...
Muhhamedbinghazi's user avatar
11 votes
9 answers
5k views

Why do most philosophers believe in a deterministic formulation of quantum mechanics?

After stumbling upon this recent survey from 2020, it is interesting to see that the most popular position (apart from being undecided) is hidden variables at 21.94%. As a reminder, a hidden-variable ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
47 views

Do things that always existed require less explanation than things that do?

This came up from a recent discussion I was having with Conifold where I started wondering: do facts about reality that don’t seem to “start” and just potentially always existed (such as the “...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
404 views

Does physicalism imply that an explanation for consciousness is a category error?

Every time we create an explanation for something in the physical world we represent the world with objects with various different structures and properties etc. We then relate these structures to ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
123 views

Would being in a simulation explain why we have regularities?

Would being in a simulation explain why reality exhibits regularities or would that just bring the question back a notch and ask how that simulation came about? We live in a world that seems to be ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar
-1 votes
0 answers
48 views

Are the wicked happier than the virtuous?

Are the wicked happier than the virtuous? Has any philosopher defended the claim that evil does pay, insofar as for most of us a vicious existence makes most people happier than their virtuous ...
user66697's user avatar
  • 800
9 votes
1 answer
176 views

Is it a common misunderstanding to claim that Kant considered time and space to be illusion?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1nSS2XgWMAE Is it a common misunderstanding to claim that Kant considered time and space to be illusion? People don't seem to agree on this and some people claim that ...
Sayaman's user avatar
  • 4,019
2 votes
3 answers
606 views

How Probable is the Philosophical Significance of Numerical Patterns in Religious Texts?

I have a Muslim friend who told me about a chapter in the Quran (the holy book of Muslims) in which he claims there is a "numerical miracle." This chapter is unique in the Quran because a ...
Rede's user avatar
  • 45
2 votes
1 answer
51 views

Did Ayn Rand have an argument for free will?

Ayn Rand, of course, believed humans have free will. She asserted this idea many, many times. But, try as I might, I have not been able to find an argument for it from her. It's hard for me to ...
bob.sacamento's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
22 views

Would presentism and vagueness of the present imply that every event has borderline existence?

Would presentism and the vagueness of the present imply that every event that occurs is in a borderline state of existence? Since vagueness is characterized as having borderline cases. I take ...
user66697's user avatar
  • 800
1 vote
1 answer
23 views

Are there these two notions of possibility distinct?

There are two notions of logically possible. I will label them as the positive sense and the negative sense. The positive sense is that a set of sentences S is possible if and only if there exists a ...
user107952's user avatar
  • 6,806
13 votes
10 answers
2k views

Is there an overarching purpose for philosophy?

I am new to the study of philosophy. I wonder if there is an overarching purpose or aim to philosophy? I have explored the idea that all the thematic areas of philosophy point to an aim of something ...
IanG's user avatar
  • 131
3 votes
7 answers
1k views

Can falsehood be measured? If so, would it be continuous or discrete?

This question occurred to me after reading the question "Does it make sense to say that one false scientific theory is closer to the truth than another?" From what I gathered, the only way ...
Hooman's user avatar
  • 177
0 votes
1 answer
38 views

What is Carnap’s “Principle of Tolerance”, and how did Quine reject it?

Carnap’s Principle of Tolerance and Quine’s Objections Carnap holds that the role of philosophy is to analyze and clarify the language of science, and to formulate and recommend alternative languages. ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
55 views

Is there any evidence that culture has gotten more “sensitive” or “politically correct”? [closed]

This question might be more suitable for History SE, I’m not sure. I have heard people pretty regularly claim that “nowadays” “political correctness” is more of a big thing - even that people are more ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
67 views

Why can't the dialetheist say that the Curry sentence is both true and false?

In the SEP article for dialetheism, it is said that A dialetheist, though, cannot simply accept that the Curry sentence is both true and false, because if it is true then ⊥ follows. Dialetheists need ...
confusedcius's user avatar
-3 votes
1 answer
72 views

Is the current methodology practiced in mainstream science slowing our possible understanding of our reality? [closed]

Recently I performed a thought experiment using deductive reasoning pertaining to the question "what is dark matter, how would it fit into our current understanding of mainstream scientific ...
Isaac Domeracki's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
104 views

Approaching the knowledge of knowing using premises

The only thing(knowledge) that I know is that I don't know anything/I know nothing. (Universal Quant.). Does this mean that I don't even know that I know to begin with? The only thing(knowledge) that ...
How why e's user avatar
  • 956
6 votes
5 answers
632 views

Are agent explanations better than non agent explanations?

Suppose you were using a telescope and zooming into Jupiter on the surface and saw a rock that had a face that looked very very much like your great grand mother. Suppose that it was very detailed to ...
Baby_philosopher's user avatar

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