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17 views

Hume on infinity

I know Hume argued against dividing finite space into infinitely many regions, but I can't seem to find anything regarding his thoughts on infinity itself. From his Enquiry you sort of get that he ...
0
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0answers
53 views

Curious about how people will respond to these thought-provoking questions [closed]

No right or wrong answer. Just curious about how different everyone’s response will be. (Questions aren’t in relation with “identity”/American Identity) 1) How do you define what an American? Or in ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Reference request: relationship between descriptions and things being described

I am not at all educated in philosophy, but was hoping someone could point me in the right direction. I am looking for something that explores the relationship between the description of a thing, ...
2
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2answers
64 views

What type of fallacy does the phrase “I don't live to eat, I eat to live” fall into?

It's typically used in an attempt to convince people to switch to a healthy diet but in my opinion it does a very poor job because: no-one literally lives to eat, but it's one of the many small ...
5
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5answers
68 views

Paradox of compromise illustrated by neighbours painting houses

If I remember correctly, there was a problem illustrating the paradox of compromise (and to some extent democracy?) where there are two neighbours that want to paint their houses. They both want ...
1
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2answers
63 views

The passing of time

Did the passing of time come before everything else? As in, how long was there "nothing"? And if we can put a time on that, wouldn't time itself be something? And if so, is time the thing that "...
0
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1answer
28 views

Alternative Conceptions of Knowledge than Intellectual Property

In the modern world, especially in Western nations, knowledge has been treated as something that can be owned. Therefore, the same property rights one has toward other persons and objects also apply ...
-1
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1answer
30 views

Would Socrates agree or disagree with Protagoras' statement, “Of all things the measure is Man…” [closed]

Would Socrates agree or disagree with Protagoras' statement, "Of all things the measure is Man, of the things that are, that they are, and of the things that are not, that they are not."? Why or why ...
2
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0answers
52 views

Why did Hilary Putnam change of opinion towards Quantum Logic?

Hilary Putnam is known for having proposed a radical change in our thinking about the physical universe: He proposed that the universe was fundamentally based on Quantum Logic, and not in Classical ...
0
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1answer
75 views

According to Kant's Universalizability principle, may i say LGBT is morally impermissible?

Kant's universalizability principle (theory), which he set out in 18th century, tells us that if a course of action cannot be universally adopted it must be morally impermissible. So in that case ...
1
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1answer
53 views

In what contexts or disciplines does “One may assume X” imply “One may ignore the possibility of any statement contrary to X being true”?

In computer programming, it has become fashionable for compilers (processors of computer language) to apply the following form of reasoning: A language standard would permit a compiler to assume that ...
0
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1answer
23 views

Kant's views on using corpses as means

Kant says that we should treat sentient beings as ends in themselves. Dead human beings are not sentient. So, what would be his view on treating corpses as means, to be used by medical students, for ...
-1
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0answers
47 views

How closely is deconstruction tied to the plurality of meaning?

How closely is deconstruction tied to the plurality of meaning? the instability and plurality of meaning Derrida on Heidegger: the break with the horizon of communication as the communication ...
0
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0answers
32 views

better definition of induction

Consider this argument: I saw him hit the lady with a stone in the head. The lady will likely die. For me this is inductive argument. But I got impression some places define inductive argument such ...
1
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1answer
153 views

Comparisons between two notions of existence

I have the following, rather naive question: To what extent can the a priori existence of mathematical objects be reasonably compared with the seemingly a posteriori existence of objects established ...
1
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4answers
159 views

How can I maintain integrity when requested to use gender pronouns yet still be loving?

I have friends who request certain gender pronouns are used, which I do not believe to be correct. I have thought about this topic at some length and concluded that while using these pronouns would be ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Is rudeness a form of selfishness? [closed]

Can rudeness be seen as a form of selfishness? If so, how? and under what circumstances would it not be considered selfish? If someone is rude to another human being without any reason, could that be ...
0
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2answers
64 views

Is the concept of information nonphysical?

To keep within the guidelines of only asking questions that have a definite answer, I will stipulate that I am asking about cases where the question has been considered in an academically respectable ...
3
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3answers
52 views

Is accusing someone of discrimination by focusing on a minority ad hominem?

Suppose person a has a view that x is better than y. But person b thinks y is better than x for z group of people. Therefore person b decides that person a hates z group of people. Example: A: ...
1
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1answer
23 views

What did Wittgenstein mean when he said “knowledge is in the end based on acknowledgement”?

What exactly is acknowledgement here?
1
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0answers
39 views

Are there Identity Conditions for Spinoza's modes?

A common interpretation of the relation of Substance to it's modes in Spinozas states that modes are properties of the Substance [1]. Let's assume this for now: Modes are properties of Substance. I ...
-3
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0answers
125 views

Did any logician object to the idea that if two contingent propositions are true, then they imply one another?

Both the following sentences are true: On January 22, 2020, the earth is orbiting the sun. On January 21, 2020, Trump was the 45th president of the United States of America. So did any ...
0
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0answers
53 views

Is science based on David Hume's “A wise man, therefore, proportions his belief to the evidence”?

"A wise man, therefore, proportions his belief to the evidence. … no testimony is sufficient to establish a miracle unless the testimony be of such a kind, that its falsehood would be more ...
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0answers
34 views

Does Sellars and Quine oppose Ostensive definition?

Sellars refuted "given" and Quine spoke of the "the indeterminacy of translation".In Quine's case,a linguist could not translate or get the meaning of the word exactly even by pointing out the thing ...
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0answers
15 views

What's the Nureological or physical mechanism of hallucination? [closed]

Can we explain in hallucinations what specific things we will percept given some certain condition? Can we perceive when will it happen? Can we control and produce some certain kinds of it? I think ...
0
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1answer
107 views

Is a model of inference needed for reasoning?

In logic we can't make any deductions without rules of inference, predicates, and formulas. In probability/statistic we can't make any inferences without assuming some probabilistic model which might ...
0
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1answer
36 views

How do I prove :((A ⊃ B) ⊃ C) ⊃ (B ⊃ C)?

How do I prove, :((A ⊃ B) ⊃ C) ⊃ (B ⊃ C), using symbolic logic derivations where ⊃ represents a conditional i.e. A ⊃ B = A implies B? The first line of my derivations is the assumption, (A ⊃ B) ⊃ C)....
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0answers
45 views

2+2=4 why is this a deductive logical inference? [closed]

I googled a a deductive logical inference https://www.google.com/search?client=firefox-b-d&q=a+deductive+logical+inference%3F and couldn't understand a thing. But I presume it's because if 2+2 ...
8
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1answer
469 views

Does there exist a “valid” application of Gödel's incompleteness to “logical natural language statements”?

Does there exist a "valid" application of Gödel's incompleteness to "logical natural language statements"? It can be found to sometimes be naively applied that way, even when the incompleteness ...
0
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0answers
71 views

Are we in the “space” when we dream? [closed]

Has any philosopher written about how we experience dreams, especially their visual aspect? Are a dream's visible features three dimensional, like waking life? Or does the fact that none of it ...
1
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1answer
55 views

Are there some kinds of arguments in defense of Private Language?

Could the beetle in the box not play any role in our…?Or will the similar neurological constituents and the same physical input provide some supports to the "pain",in a (Kantian) way that each person ...
14
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6answers
7k views

Using the Duck-Typing method in scientific context [closed]

Some programming languages use Duck Typing to determine types of Objects, based on their methods and properties and not their declared type. Simplified, it goes down to the premise "If it walks ...
-1
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0answers
32 views

Why babies don't like food? [closed]

Eating is vital for survival. Nature seems to have made this universal across all creature to look for food. But why (human) mothers spend so much time in feeding babies. Why they never like food?
2
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1answer
45 views

Does atomism still hold as a philosophy after the atom was split?

From what I understand atomism subscribes that an individual atom is the "indivisible" fundamental component of all physical things. Ever since the atom was split, and even more "base" non-atomic ...
1
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1answer
58 views

What does “theory of mind” mean in the context of this paper?

In my mind - pun intended - a/the theory of mind refers to some proposed solution to the mind body problem, e.g. Cartesian Dualism is a theory of mind, Functionalism is a theory of mind, etc... This ...
3
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2answers
71 views

In non-platonism, can undecidable statements have truth value?

Most sources I can find about Gödel's incompleteness theorems summarize the result as "there exist true arithmetical statements that have no proof." It seems coherent to say that there exist ...
1
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1answer
76 views

Do inconsistent premises in an argument hurt a person's case while they try to defend something they believe in?

Do inconsistent premises in an argument hurt a person's case while they try to defend something they believe in because their statements contradict each other?
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0answers
17 views

Humean Supervenience and the Mosaic

I have read a lot of times the definition of Humean Supervenience and the usual quote by Lewis according to which Humean supervenience is “ It is the doctrine that all there is to the world is a vast ...
0
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2answers
46 views

Wittgenstein on ethics and the big book experiment

This is taken from the lecture Wittgenstein delivered on ethics. Wittgenstein proceeds to establish a controversial position in ethics. Although all judgments of relative value can be shown to be ...
1
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1answer
73 views

Popularity of Kierkegaard and Nietzsche

From my perspective Kierkegaard and Nietzsche both tried to answer the same question to found out what is morality and ethic. Why is Nietzsche so popular today, and Kierkegaard is almost forgotten? ...
3
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3answers
170 views

From Ignorant to Researcher in Modal Logic

I am a student in a French university in pure mathematics. I recently came across modal logic and more particularly doxastic logic. But, the only masters of logic offered are reserved for students of ...
6
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3answers
3k views

Why does Wittgenstein have a problem with writing “f(a, b). a = b"?

Why does Wittgenstein have a problem with logical statements saying nothing ? (5.5303) . How would Wittgenstein want us to interpret f(a,a) ? He also mentions axiom of infinity from which Russell ...
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2answers
71 views

Science, religion, or philosophy? [closed]

Necessary introduction. Pierre  Teilhard de Chardin's  Omega Point Theory is a belief system related to convergence towards divine unification. Tippler's version of this theory relies on ...
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0answers
61 views

Philosophical term for focusing on minute details

If you put a piece of human tissue under an electron microscope, one could argue that you're no longer looking at a human. You're looking at something that makes up a human, but a single oxygen ...
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1answer
84 views

Do we experience the future at a different time to when it occurs: given these assumptions? [closed]

Do we experience the future before, or after, the time it occurs: given these assumptions? The assumptions are: We experience psychologically an illusion of continuity Reality itself is ...
-2
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1answer
27 views

Is there a logic or philosophy system resistant to retroactive actions or time travel? [closed]

Retroactive means making a change to the past with effects in present. Time travel means replaying events till the specific outcome.
0
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0answers
46 views

Am I a victim and so are you all? [closed]

If our world is a fake world (Simulation, computer game, matrix، holographic or whatever). It means that my existence is fake, but in a way that looks real. So I'm a victim, Because somebody has faked ...
1
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2answers
64 views

Does a formal fallacy definition for “X has not happened (with potential time constraint Y), so Z will not happen (now or in near future)” exist?

Does there exist a formal definition for (what I would say is) a logically fallacy that would fit to the following structure of statements: "X has not happened (with potential time constraint Y), so ...
2
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3answers
106 views

Before Gödel, was undecidability of axiomatic systems an issue at all?

Before Gödel, was the issue raised that there may be undecidable statements within axiomatic systems of thought? Gödel managed to answer affirmatively by proving that the assumption of the ...
2
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0answers
39 views

How does Sellars's “myth of given” relate to Quine's “observation sentences”?

Sellars refuted the claim we can reason from our "fundamental" experience, since all the words we use to report our experience must be affected by our conceptual schema. But Quine's seems to give "...

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