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7 views

Multidimensional utility

I'm an outsider to the philosophy community (I'm a mathematics PhD student), and I'm curious of whether the following critique has been addressed. During some superficial discussions I had on ...
0
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1answer
24 views

Putnam and Skolem Paradox

Why, according to Putnam in "Models and Reality", is moderate realism more affected by the so-called Löwenheim-Skolem Paradox than extreme realism? I understand the gist of Putnam's grip ...
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0answers
16 views

Necessary possibility

One subsequence in the argument I'm working on goes something like this: ♢A → □♢A. ¬□♢A. ∴ ¬♢A. This seems valid (it's modus tollens, no?) but it seems to make the actual argument too "easy&...
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0answers
21 views

Beyond Good and Evil

Can anyone choose three and the tell me the meaning of these aphorisms by Friedrich Nietzsche, maybe even provide an example? but i mainly just need someone to break down at least 3 of these from ...
2
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0answers
35 views

How does meteorology resist Popperian analysis?

Graham Rees (who takes what one could say is a "middle of the road" approach to appraising Bacon's relevance to the practice of science in our times) writes in a 2002 article that (as a ...
0
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1answer
38 views

How is logical form semantic?

According to Wikipedia: In logic, logical form of a statement is a precisely-specified semantic version of that statement in a formal system How can something be a semantic version of another thing? ...
1
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2answers
72 views

Does low average IQ of a population mean that they can't create prosperous society or it is the direct result of poor life conditions? [closed]

As you can see less rich countries tend to have lower average IQ https://worldpopulationreview.com/country-rankings/average-iq-by-country People with higher IQ tend to make more money https://...
1
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1answer
36 views

Some logical fallacies can be called inductive arguments

I feel like a lot of "logical fallacies", if called out, can just be labelled by the opponent as inductive reasoning. For example: "candidates didn't know the air conditioner didn't ...
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2answers
30 views

State description in PWS

A very short question: If, following Carnap, we can represent a possible world as a state description starting from a quantified language L, why does it make sense, following standard modal logic, to ...
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0answers
24 views

What is Charles Renouvier's Conception of God?

Charles Renouvier (1815-1903) was a French philosopher. He adopted a view of the finiteness of space and time. He also adopted a view of finiteness of God. Could you, please, give me the whole picture ...
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1answer
24 views

How would you apply John Rawls “Theory of justice” to everyday decisions?

How can I apply John Rawls theory of justice to everyday decision making?
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0answers
19 views

Justification logic and set theory

I was reading the SEP article on justification logic and the question arose for me, whether the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic justifications of set-theoretic axioms (a difference that has ...
-4
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1answer
52 views

Who is this man, slapping Martin Luther? [closed]

In Reformation Day GIF, a man is depicted slapping Martin Luther and calling him a heretic. In my search for the identity of this mystery man, I learned that the GIF's background is a GIF with the ...
1
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2answers
104 views

Inhowfar is scientific inquiry modeled on the interrogation of witches?

(Carolyn) Merchant sees proof in the link between persecution of witches and development of modern science in the work of Francis Bacon, one of the reputed father of the new scientific method, showing ...
-3
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1answer
33 views

What does “tarnish by association” mean in the context of autonomy?

In the last sentence of the first paragraph of section 3a about Feminist Criticisms of Autonomy in the article Autonomy | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, there is a phrase "tarnished by ...
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1answer
139 views

When philosophers argue about “definitional questions,” what exactly are they arguing about?

By "definitional question," I mean questions like what is knowledge, what is justice, what is love, etc - questions that relate to the definition of certain abstract concepts. Take the ...
1
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1answer
65 views

Is there such a thing as ωth-order infinitary logic?

I've seen references to ωth-order logic sprinkled (sparsely) throughout my studies, though what properties this has compared to and contrasted with nth-order logics I wouldn't be able to tell you (I'm ...
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0answers
24 views

Are ontic predicates similarly (or even well) defined across philosophers? Do they differ from logic predicates?

I've seen the term "ontic predicate" bandied around in some works. Whenever it has a clear definition it seem no different than how one would define it in (first-order) logic, i.e. it being ...
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1answer
78 views

Is existence itself necessary?

I define ‘existence’ here as the totality of being, and I take it as obvious that existence is actual. In this context, ‘necessary’ will be defined as ‘must exist because it cannot fail to exist’. The ...
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0answers
57 views

Simulation Hypothesis - trivial objection - what is the response?

There's a very simple objection to the simulation hypothesis that I came up with, and I've read others come up with this same idea. So I assume it's something philosophers should already be aware of. ...
0
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1answer
26 views

what is the best reason to object a pure theory-theory of mind reading (one that relies exclusively on a folk psychological theory)?

The theory-theory contends that when we attribute beliefs to others in order to explain and predict their behaviour (mind read) we use a a folk psychological theory. What is a good reason to object ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Propositions as set of possible worlds in FOL

In possible world semantics for propositional calculus, possible worlds are usually taken to be models for propositional formulas (the set of valuations in which a certain formula is true) In first ...
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0answers
131 views

“Where” does the counterpart relation subsist?

AFAIK, according to the counterpart theory, it is true of me that I could have lived a different life, if my counterpart in another possible world did live a different life. But where is it true that ...
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2answers
43 views

Can space be distorted without things that occupy the space being distorted?

Can space be distorted without things that occupy the space being distorted? I mean it is whether in reality or imagination?
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0answers
18 views

Is it a voluntary action (and therefore something one is responsible for) to remain alive?

Creating a life is (normally) a perfectly voluntary action with well known consequences, and hence the people involved are morally responsible for the result. But, what are the arguments for that the ...
3
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2answers
97 views

Is there a view that only abstract objects exist, and being an abstract structure is enough for a world to be experienced by its observers?

I am looking for a view that would completely eliminate concrete objects by saying that being an abstract structure is enough for a world to be experienced by it's observers. If it is enough for a ...
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2answers
79 views

What makes a statement mathematical?

What is the formal definition of a mathematical statement? We can all agree that the statement "Humans are apes" is not a mathematical statement, and the statement "4 is a prime number&...
2
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0answers
29 views

Did Peirce apply his triadic theory to music?

Did Peirce apply his triadic theory (that things are comprised of Firstness, Secondness, Thirdness) to music?
1
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1answer
144 views

Does the forcing phenomenon prove some sort of set-theoretic multiverse?

It seems that, "A can be forced to equal B," allows, "A is possibly equal to B." In possible-worlds lingo, this gets us, "There is a possible world where A = B." Since ...
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0answers
57 views

Is this a reasonable argument? Dr. Fauci on Face Masks

In a recent interview, Dr. Anthony Fauci (Chief Medical Advisor to the President of the U.S.) was asked why he advised the public against wearing masks in early 2020. One of Dr. Fauci's arguments was ...
2
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2answers
75 views

Is there a clear cut distinction between Philosophy and Philology?

I’ve been recently mulling over semantic and linguistic issues and I realized that my understanding of these fields may not correspond to the commonly accepted wisdom, so to speak. Although the ...
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1answer
53 views

Are these valid examples of axiomatic statements?

I'm trying to understand if a couple of statements would be considered axiomatic: Example 1: "murder is the unjustified killing of a person; if there was a murder, then a person was killed ...
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0answers
45 views

Did the philosophy of Heidegger lead to any advances in scientific knowledge? [closed]

Heidegger seems to be one of ther most controversial figures in philosophy as some philosophers consider him the greatest philosopher of the 20th century and others a charlatan. Analytic philosophers ...
5
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3answers
131 views

How to model “forget about” in first order logic?

The other day, my housemate said "Don't forget to not leave the spoon at the bottom of the container". I understood what he meant: "Do not leave the spoon at the bottom of the ...
4
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4answers
1k views

What is the origin of the idea that moral realism requires a god?

This idea has always been very strange to me. The first time I encountered this idea was when I was required to read about the Euthyphro Dilemma in college. It felt like a whole dialogue about ...
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0answers
49 views

Axiom of Choice: correspondence or derivability?

I'd like to ask about a specific impression that I have about issues concerning the Axiom of Choice. It seems to me that either one claims that the axiom is an obvious fact about the modelled concept (...
4
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3answers
140 views

The relationship between Rationalism and logic

Here is an excerpt from the book An Introduction to Philosophy by Russ W. Payne (2015) which is causing me some confusion. Mathematics had long served as the rationalist’s paradigm case of knowledge ...
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2answers
90 views

What is the line between a strawman and a genuine criticism?

There is a very fine-line between strawman and genuine criticism. How do you find the line? In recent debates about abolishing the police, a common counterargument is "Do you want criminals ...
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0answers
36 views

How to represent “apart from” formally?

While working on an argument over the last few days, I came to a point where I needed to formally render an "even if" sentence. Here and here, I found some good options, but I'm not sure I ...
-6
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4answers
243 views

Isn't the circle in mathematics the greatest unnoticed fallacy in the entire human history? [closed]

Imagine for a while that a circle you see by your own eyes is in fact no circle but a regular constructible polygon with large number of sides where the side distance length is ultimately too small ...
24
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11answers
13k views

Is Yoda committing a fallacy?

I've been debating with a hard core Star Wars friend who loves repeating Yoda's "Do or do not, there is no try" knowledge. I tried to explain that the DO (B) and DO NOT (C), are end results, ...
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2answers
112 views

Is this argument for simulated reality really valid?

I was skimming through the wikipedia article on the simulation hypothesis and saw the following argument by Elon Musk: If you assume any rate of improvement at all, games will eventually be ...
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0answers
32 views

How ontology is referred to existence in philosophy? [closed]

How existance of a thing ( Physical/abstract/ psychological) can be proved in philosophy. How ontology is connected to philosophy.
2
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4answers
779 views

Why fallacy of amphiboly exists in this sentence?

I am reading Essentials of Logic, 2e by Irving M. Copi. And I do not understand this exercise from page 87. Identify the fallacy of ambiguity that best characterizes each passage. ... Being ...
2
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0answers
32 views

Summary of philosophical positions on how belief revision proceeds in mathematics?

Since mathematicians have embraced classical logic, as e.g. MacFarlane points out in his 2021 intro book to philosophical logic (§ 7.4), one needs to distinguish between [meta-]reasoning and argument/...
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0answers
22 views

Do you find commonalities between existentialism and transcendentalism?

As far as I can think of they both promote a sense of individualism but are they even comparable or do they overlap in any way?
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0answers
27 views

Examining and challenging the IS-OUGHT gap and the FACT-VALUE dichotomy

Could anyone recommend undergrad-level intro papers or secondary literature on the is-ought gap and fact-value dichotomy please? Keen to read examinations and challenges. thanks
0
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1answer
51 views

Humor as childlike inference?

A funny joke consists of: A premise P that, for maximum humor, should be in some way familiar or relatable A conclusion Q, that in some way involves injury, harm, embarrassment, or some other taboo A ...
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2answers
39 views

Does Chomsky's Universal Grammar address learned aspects of language? [closed]

I can't see how language could be both socially constructed and innate
3
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3answers
444 views

Is the killing of animals justified because of humans being at the top of the evolution/food chain?

I recently argued with a friend about veganism. My position was basically that everyone who can allow a dietery change in their lives ought to be vegan. I argued that these days there are sufficient ...

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