In short: I am looking for a philosophical take/theory/way of finding abstract-level metadimensions of complex systems (or any "real" system in general at this stage, if that helps).
Details: Complex systems are characterized by large dimensionality. Studying all these dimensions (or finding which dimensions are important) to explain a given outcome is cumbersome. To overcome this, I was thinking about the idea to have higher-level abstract "meta-dimensions". Is there a philosophical theory that can guide as to how can one generate a list of metadimensions - typically, abstract in nature - that encapsulate the myriad dimensions characterizing the complex system? These meta-dimensions would then characterize the system comprehensively.
As an illustration of what I mean, below is an example of meta-dimensions and the encapsulated dimensions in the complex system of human body.
Organ meta-dimension: heart rate, lungs capacity and kidney capacity are the dimensions.
Behavioral meta-dimension: diet, exercise level, sleep hours, and stress levels are the dimensions.
Environmental meta-dimension: Surrounding temperature, humidity, toxins, and water quality are the dimensions.
Psychological meta-dimension: thought patterns, emotional fluctuations, and mental states are the dimensions.
You get the idea.
Two properties of meta-dimensions that I could think of: First, the meta-dimensions must exist at the system level of analysis. Second, the selected meta-dimensions should exhibit (a) theoretical complementarity and (b) collective theoretical coherence so that they non-redundantly and comprehensively characterize the entire system.