Dualism is traditionally thought to be the belief that matter and mind are separate things. However, I have this belief that while matter causes mind to emerge, nonetheless they are separate entities. So, to give an example, I believe that while dopamine secretion causes pleasure, pleasure is a subjective state which is not identical to dopamine secretion. I believe that most laypeople intuitively have this belief. So, is there a standard name in the philosophical literature for this mild form of dualism?
This is called Emergentism, specifically emergentism with regards to physicalism, the idea that the mental is composed wholly of the physical, but not reducible to it.
In general, an emergent system is one where the whole cannot be entirely understood or best described by reference to its parts.