Quantum Physics has two views of "cause", in the first cause lies in the succession of states leading up to an event involving isolated, single particles, in the second it is due to decoherence of one entangled set of objects by another entangled set of physical objects.
The single particle is a special case of the more general, second type of cause by decoherence.
Most decoherence is due to the environment. Decoherence involves the selection of states that are the most likely fit when the mutually entangled environment meets a hitherto isolated object. The evolution of a quantum system can then be seen as a growth of the state of the environment over time. Causation becomes a result of the form of large objects (the layout of the environment in space and time). It is a process of accretion onto a template provided by a pre-existing form.
I think that quantum physics is telling us that events are in the future until they happen. This is an obvious truism but most of us regard cause and effect as past events providing a sort of nudge through time when a clearer view might be that past events create a form that can create and receive an event.
If we take the path of an isolated electron Feynman's proposal applies: "The electron explores all worldlines between source and detector." The environment provides the form of the emitter and detector for the electron. The path of the electron that we observe is due to the interference of all possible paths.
The principle of least action summarises the interference between all possible paths and provides a classical description of the path of particles which, for large objects, looks like determinism. See https://www.eftaylor.com/pub/ActionSummary.pdf Feynman's theory is now fairly mainstream physics.
If we consider ourselves moving through the environment then we also explore all possible paths (possible futures for us) but are so rapidly decohered by the environment that the paths are of effectively no length. However, the possible futures are the future coming to meet us, even if it is predictable from second to second.
If time exists as a direction for arranging events then quantum physics offers an escape from a block universe. Tiny deviations from classical predictions may give rise to large deviations as they interact with the environment.
The only way that I can see for us to escape determinism is if we are sensitive to some special event in our brains that remains coherent (obeys schrodinger' equation) for seconds and is not snuffed out immediately by interactions. Calculations show the decoherence time scales for most objects in the brain are really short (10^-20 seconds https://journals.aps.org/pre/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevE.61.4194 ) so any special source of coherence would need to be something novel in the brain that escapes interactions for extended periods.
See https://drsimonrobin.substack.com/p/chapter-6-the-mind for further discussion.