What are the newest or latest arguments for or against the existence of God?
What is the state of this debate? After proponents and critics have argued and responded to everything so far, what else is there to talk about? What are they stuck on?
Philosophy Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for those interested in the study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence. It only takes a minute to sign up.Sign up to join this community
There is a recent philosophical novel entitled 36 Arguments for the Existence of God by philosopher Rebecca Goldstein (who happens to be married to Steven Pinker) which contains a catalog of 36 arguments (and the corresponding refutations).
Other than this, I can't think of any recent literature on the subject, which as you note, is rather well worn.
In my experience the conflict regarding the existence of God is and always will be stuck on the nature of faith, not on argumentation. No theories wholly prove or disprove the existence of God. Why then, you ask, isn't everyone an athiest? After all, we believe in things that are proven, not those that are merely not disproven. The answer is faith. It is by definition an impenetrable shield against all reason as it allows it's wielder to be confident in his or her beliefs without evidence. That means one can still believe in something without actually having any proof or following any standard of reasoning.
Because of this, whether or not arguments successfully prove or disprove the existence of God is irrelevant; in the end, people of strong faith will never be swayed, even as science continues to gobble up the realm of the unknown which was once only the dominion of God.
This is why there is still debate; This is what people are "stuck on".