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Are there any resources or references that concisely state the problems with political philosophy? Recommended texts for beginners are also welcome!

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Here are a number of obvious ones:

  • Proper role of state vs. individuals
  • How is property allocated by/within a state?
  • Proper role between states
  • Proper source of authority/legitimacy of a government
  • How to structure a government
  • Source of individual rights in a government (do they come from God? from the government? from some other place?)
  • Correct model for law (theological? utilitarian?)
  • The correct role of law (should it be codified? or should it be more flexibly determined by whoever leaders are?)
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Some interesting political philosophy books:

"The Open Society and Its Enemies" by Karl Popper.

"Liberalism: In the Classical Tradition" by Ludwig von Mises.

"The Structure of Liberty" and "Restoring the Lost Constitution" by Randy Barnett.

"Atlas Shrugged", "Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal" and "The Virtue of Selfishness" by Ayn Rand.

"The Machinery of Freedom" by David Friedman.

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