Are there any resources or references that concisely state the problems with political philosophy? Recommended texts for beginners are also welcome!
Here are a number of obvious ones:
- Proper role of state vs. individuals
- How is property allocated by/within a state?
- Proper role between states
- Proper source of authority/legitimacy of a government
- How to structure a government
- Source of individual rights in a government (do they come from God? from the government? from some other place?)
- Correct model for law (theological? utilitarian?)
- The correct role of law (should it be codified? or should it be more flexibly determined by whoever leaders are?)
Some interesting political philosophy books:
"The Open Society and Its Enemies" by Karl Popper.
"Liberalism: In the Classical Tradition" by Ludwig von Mises.
"The Structure of Liberty" and "Restoring the Lost Constitution" by Randy Barnett.
"Atlas Shrugged", "Capitalism: The Unknown Ideal" and "The Virtue of Selfishness" by Ayn Rand.
"The Machinery of Freedom" by David Friedman.