What makes someone a philosopher? When, how, or under what circumstances is the title of philosopher justified?
Wikipedia states that philosophy is the study of reason. If I study reason, am I a philosopher?
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I think this is a great question. Unlike most similar descriptors, philosopher isn't a career. There are philosophers who write philosophy or teach philosophy for a living, but it isn't the fact that they write or teach that makes them philosophers.
It is also unlike artist, poet or musician in as much as a philosopher doesn't necessarily "create" philosophy in the same way as an artist creates art or a poet creates poems.
In addition, many people within the field have held widely different opinions on what constitutes philosophy.
I would personally define a philosopher as a person who advances the work of bridging between the largest, most universal questions and the smallest, most specific answers.
phi·los·o·pher fəˈläsəfər/ noun noun: philosopher; plural noun: philosophers
a person engaged or learned in philosophy, especially as an academic discipline.
so someone who is studying it in a university could be said to be a philosopher [student] someone who teaches it philosopher [teacher].
more generally i'm of the opinion that a "philosopher" is someone who academic philosophers [teachers] agree are engaged in or have learnt from their engagement with philosophy.
this answer assumes that people engaged in an academic discipline outside an academy, or only as a student, are in some sense not fully engaged in it.