Data is what information in encoded in as symbols on the tape of a universal Turing machine for model in which the Universe runs on a Turing machine.
Information would be the location and velocity of all particles in the Universe as well as any knowledge derived from that.
Data is uninterpreted encryption of that information.
It was not my understanding that philosophy functioned on meaningful different (rather just more specific) definitions than general language on this issue. The definitions of each per Google here:
facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis.
facts provided or learned about something or someone.
Google does have a separate philosophy definition for data which I didn't find meaningful different, again, it simply adopts language used more often within philosophical paradigm.
I introduced the model of TM because it is helpful considerations of information theory (which I would consider this to be).
I'll depart from the notation of facts/statistics and just refer to these as bitstrings for that reason.
So then, provisional definitions for discussion:
Data: bitstrings for analysis
Information: bitstrings of analysis
I believe that follows reasonably from the model used here and definitions.