I am reading Sartre's Transcendence of the ego and was wondering if someone could explain to me what is concretely different between Husserl's Transcendent ego and Sartre's. When I raised this question to my professor, he responded that Husserl claims that the ego is outside of the consciousness whereas for Sartre, it is the consciousness that resides outside of the ego. I can sort of understand what he is trying to tell me based on the Cartesian "cogito ergo sum" and phenomenological reduction ideas but the core of this idea remains vague to me! Can someone refer me to a text that explains Sartre's idea with a simple language for a novice as myself? I have researched a lot on the web and it seems to me that, the more I read about "The Transcendence of the Ego", the more confused I become. I have to say though that my confusion is not the result of a lack in motivation or interest in the subject but rather from contradictory and rather vague opinions on the subject. Any help would be appreciated!
I think this exegesis by Williams and Kirkpatrick is useful.
The transcendental ego is introduced by Kant & adopted by Husserl, it lies 'above' or 'behind' consciousness.
Sartre argues that the 'ego is for consciousness. The ego is "out there" in the world'.
By this tactic he avoids the 'representational' epistemology of Kant.
Its interesting (at least for me) whether Lacans use of topology can be usefully utilised here; this may be grounded if one can show that Lacan used existentialism in his own thinking, this being likely as he was an eclectic thinker.
Given one says that the ego is 'behind' consciousness one cam visualise this as a plane behind which stands the ego, and because which ever way we look this is true, it is better modelled by a band or a sphere.
Putting a twist into this band or sphere turns it into a mobius strip or klien bottle, and turns inside and outside into one smooth space: the ego is deposited outside, or the outside comes inside.