Consciousness in the sense of being aware of your own existence necessitates an input of information to work with first. If there is no input of data or if the data is insufficient or if the ability to process the data is impaired consciousness cannot be achieved.
Consciousness is not realized in the physical part of our being. It is achieved in our immaterial minds.
The mind although has potential for optimal functionality it is limited by the processor or the brain and it in turn is limited by the biological machine.
If the machine lacks sight then the brain cannot process data to the mind about ocular occurances. The mind is not impaired because if sight is restored the brain is able to process sight for the first time and so is the mind. If the eyes are not impaired but the part of the brain responsible for processing sight is damaged or missing the mind cannot receive data even if there is nothing wrong with the eyes.
Hence there is a minimum amount of data that needs to be available to the mind that has been processed by the brain before the mind is able to recognize its autonomy.
If all decisions are prewired then true consciousness can never occur as in the case of AI (which has not been occupied by another dimensional mind if that is a possibility).
Therefore beside the senses, the input of data, the ability to input data, process data and retrieve data, one must have the ability to autonomously decide for themselves, a quality of a free mind.
Not all biological animals are able to achieve consciousness, although they may have self awareness, quite possibly all they achieve is self awareness and instinct acquired or learned. Humans require a certain level of cognition before they achieve consciousness.
I remember the first time I achieved consciousness. It was at the age of four and it was after I experienced self inflicted pain by planting my hand on the hot iron. It was several days later that I realized, I’m alive and I recall looking at my hands as though foreign to self and yet they belonged to me. I am not my body but my body is mine.
I guess trauma can escalate the process of achieving consciousness. Which is also measured on a scale called maturity.