Source: In an episode on education of the philosophical documentary The advantage of the doubt, which I displayed here (search for "documentary") for pedagogical consultation; Veerle Jochems (an interviewee who chose to home-school her children) stated the following (starting from 4:09 in the video):
I also like to call my pedagogy the pedagogy of Socrates. Because Socrates himself also walked with his students in the garden, while he was treating philosophical questions. And that was indeed also his method: question ... answer; but while walking.
I assume a few things are mingled together in confusion here.
- The speaker certainly seems to be referring to the Socratic method. And it has been written Socrates obviously asked a lot of questions, e.g. on the public market.
However, I know of no passages where Socrates was walking in a garden (neither alone, nor with his students). Do you?
Perhaps the speaker was mixing up some historical aspects of other philosophers, like e.g.
The Garden (κῆπος), a school founded by Epicurus.
In Athens, he purchased the property that became known as the “Garden” (later used as a name for his school itself). (source: plato.stanford.edu)
The peripatetic school, which is related to Aristotle.
Those affiliated with Aristotle's school later came to be called Peripatetics, probably because of the existence of an ambulatory (peripatos) on the school's property adjacent to the exercise ground. (source: plato.stanford.edu)
After Aristotle's death, a legend arose that he was a "peripatetic" lecturer – that he walked about as he taught – and the designation Peripatetikos came to replace the original Peripatos. (source: en.wikipedia.org)
Edit: Below, I add a reference (translated from Dutch) to a list of classical literature about Socrates from a course by Koenraad Verrycken called Historical oversight of philosophy. Antiquity and Middle ages, which was last updated in 2004:
Socrates himself hasn't written anything. To form us an idea of his philosophy we are designated to:
- The dialogues of Plato:
- The socratic writings of Xenophon (± 430-355):
- The clouds of Aristophanes.
- Further more, some remarks of Aristotle.
The difficulty to build a coherent and reliable image of the philosophy of Socrates out of these diversified information of these sources, is called the Socratic Problem.
- In the Symposium, there is certainly no reference to any garden related to Socrates. Perhaps the confusion could be due to a dialogue from the perspective of Apollodorus of Phaleron:
"Why, then," Glaucon said, "don't you tell me? The way to town, in any case, is as suitable for speaking, while we walk, as for listening." So as we walked, we talked together about these things; and so, just as I said at the start, I am not unprepared.