I am new to the field of philosophy and am trying presently to read and understand Nietzsche's Genealogy of Morals. In the first essay, he talks about the popular morality and ressentiment; Which I think I tend to relatively grasp the meaning. Where I encounter problems however, is with the meaning of the strong man of ressentiment being free to choose strength:
"our entire science still lies under the misleading influence of language and has not disposed of that little changeling, the 'subject'...no wonder if the submerged, darkly glowering emotions of vengefulness and hatred exploit this belief for their own ends and in fact maintain no belief more ardently than the belief that the strong man is free to be weak and the bird of prey to be a lamb--for thus they gain the right to make the bird of prey accountable for being a bird of prey" (GM I §13).
Does this mean that the slave morality re-invents nobility? Is the slave-moralist the new 'noble' under a different banner? More importantly, if this strong man is not the cause or substratum of the will's strength, then who is?...Are there two strong men one of the slave and the other of master morality? In which case which one is really overcoming oneself? The former by withholding strength--being labeled weak--or the latter by spontaneously expressing strength by the force of its nature?! Any help with these notions will be greatly appreciated.