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"Meditations" as outlined in his book refers to methods of acquiring knowledge, but what does "First philosophy" refer too/mean?

It certainly does not carry a sequential meaning, because there is no "Second" philosophy..

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It means "metaphysics". He uses the same terminology as Aristotle. In modern (and more specific terms), we can also construe it as "ontology"; that is, the study of being is the most basic ("first") philosophy.

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