Question 1: What is the recommended methodology for identifying specific fallacies? Is there a "Decision Tree", or some other helpful approach?
Question 2: Or, at the very least, are there top, high level, classifications for Fallacies that will help narrow it down? An Ontology of Fallacies? (A UML Chart?)
Many times, when I respond in a discussion, I have to invent a name for a fallacy, (which is usually fairly descriptive), rather than provide "the official name" of one--because I just can't remember.
At other times, I just want to validate, and confirm, a statement about fallacies, or ensure others can research it.
For example, a lot of times I want to say, "That is Begging the Question". But, I am misunderstood to mean, "Raising the Question". So, I end up saying something like, "You are injecting another issue, (your own presupposition), in support of your argument, but that there is no basis, or proof, for this presupposition."
And ironically, that is understood better than, "Begging the Question".