Aristotle in the Metaphysics writes:
Others of the same school declare that there are ten principles arranged into two parallel columns:
- Limit Unlimited
- Odd Even
- One Plurality
- Right Left
- Male Female
- Rest Motion
- Straight Bent
- Light Darkness
- Good Evil
- Square Oblong
This particular arrangement he appears to have taken from Alcmeaon of Croton
Are these pairs of dualities, for want of a better name, related to his own list of categories? This relationship might be in the sense of replacement.
On the face of it, it doesn't appear to be plausible, as they signify all the possible categories under which the subject or a predicate of a proposition might be considered.
But, following the listing of the categories, he states four ways in which they can be considered to be contraries (according to Wikipedia) so there appears to be some suggestion here of a connection.