At least since the outbreak of the Industrial Revolution, Western Thinking has seen the universe organized along the line of cause and effect, so that, since the Big Bang, the universe has, essentially, been organized like the toppling over of a huge sequence of dominoes: mechanistic, deterministic, inexorable. Inherent in a universal causality lies the concept of the irreversibility of time: the Cause (A) must precede the Effect (B):
A -> B
Probably to legitimize the possibility of mystical concepts like the collective unconscious and systems of divination like the I Ching, Jung introduced the idea of synchronicity: two coupled events are not necessarily connected by causality, but they can be connected by synchronicity: they occur together without one causing the other:
A <--> B
If you unhitch the world from causality, you also open the flow of time to both directions, which would allow the future to send messages back to the present, which is necessary for a divination system to work.
So is this seriously discussed anywhere in philosophy? Even if a student of Western philosophy is intractably entrenched in causality and the forward motion of time, it seems that a discussion of Western vs Jungian (which is essentially Eastern) concepts would be a good exercise.