My knowledge on the subject is limited and by no means do I claim that my observation is representative of the actual trend but most philosophers whose works I care about reading are somewhere between skeptical of religion and militantly antitheist. Examples include Spinoza, Nietzsche, Bertrand Russell etc. With the exclusion of medieval guys like St. Augustine or Thomas Aquinas, I can only think of one relatively modern philosopher who was religious and that is Søren Kierkegaard.
I am looking for something like a fairly comprehensive list of renowned philosophers that classifies their take on religion, e.g. if they were atheist, agnostic, believer, or somewhere in between. If no such list exists, can you list some notable philosophers from the last say 200-300 years who were known to be religious?