In "Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance", the author mentions Aristotelian techniques of bootstrapping into new areas of knowledge (Chapter 29, page 356). What does he mean?
Bootstrapping generally means the evolvement of things without the need of an additional external influence or input by a simple...let's say "algorithm".
An aristotalian deduction (as most philosophy, I think) usually starts by a normal fact analyzing its conditions by "thinking it right", that is following the rules of logic most prominently established (rather: written down) by himself. By this, you get step by step a deeper insight of what it means to be/do this and that.
I think the author called it specifically Aristotelian because he is thought to be the first who did this in such a systematic manner for almost everything that occured in his life.