(It seems it is kind of difficult to post a question that fits nicely in its own title, but the fact of the matter is that it does fit)
I have encountered three:
Mary Midgely -- who was contemporary at the time the question was asked, but who has since died. She was a dualist friend and ally of Thomas Nagel. She wrote a book only a few years ago that rebutted delusionism: Are You an Illusion. Pretty impressive for being 95.
Susan Blackmore -- she comes with an asterisk. She is a delusionist, and I would call her a materialist, but she claims to be a neutral monist.
Kate Distin -- also comes with an asterisk, as I don't know what her ontological worldview is. But she is the best advocate I have found for memetics, and I don't think one can really be a good memecist and not be at least a matter/ideas dualist.
Here is a list of female philosophers working in mind, with details about their specific subfields and links to their webpages. They are all contemporary and notable.