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As far as I know Proudhon introduced the concept that property is theft while possession is ok. But what is the difference between those two?

  • While I have no background on this topic, could it be that property is real property (land) while possession is transportable and man-made? Basically, land was here before humans, therefore it must have been "stolen" (from nature) to become a possession. Smaller things such as tools and clothes (and in today's world, electronics) can be created from essentially renewable resources. – Michael May 14 '16 at 21:06
  • @Michael It is possible but as far as I understood it any object could be either possesion or property. – kzevo1800 May 14 '16 at 23:44
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Having a possession: physically maintaining a hold on something.
Having a property: socially/legally maintaining an entitlement on something.

From "What Is Property?" on wikipedia:

He [Proudhon] argued that the result of an individual's labor which is currently occupied or used is a legitimate form of property [which he called "possession"]. Thus, he opposed unused land being regarded as property, believing that land can only be rightfully possessed by use or occupation (which he called "possession").

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