What does it mean to be constrained by Epistemology? Can I "know" something without actually experiencing it? If I am but one person do I in fact know anything?
Let me provide specificity to the question to aid those who have answers such that I may get a specific response if such responses are forthcoming.
If I am planning a "surprise" (birthday Party, attack, loss based on Wall Street expectations) how can I or "others" know it was a surprise without experiencing some type of reaction?
Major Jeffery O'Leary of the Airpower Journal 1994 is one source I am now reading. I am trying to determine if there is some type of "biological encoding" that causes us as humans to want/not want "surprises." It seems uniquely human to me.