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What philosophers have argued that "knowledge is power"? What sort of arguments did they put forward?

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Michel Foucault was one prominent philosophy who emphasized the inseparability of knowledge and power. On Foucault's account, power is based on knowledge, makes use of knowledge, and reproduces knowledge. As a consequence, knowledge can never be neutral. For example, Foucault showed that epistemic claims about 'what counts as madness' have long been used to control the poor, the sick, and the homeless.

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    Most of the answers you get to this will probably involve political or social power. But the Pragmatist tradition drives this down to a more basic level. A common trip in that tradition is that knowledge is knowing-how rather than knowing-that. So e.g. to know that 2+2=4 is to know how to add 2 and 2. So to have knowledge is to have a capability, which is another way of saying that to have knowledge is to have power. – user20153 Aug 30 '16 at 18:54
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    sigh. I meant "common trope", not "trip", and meant to post it as an answer. But Foucault was a good Pragmatist so it'll do as a comment. ;) – user20153 Aug 30 '16 at 18:56
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Scientia est Potentia.

Knowledge is power. Attributed to Francis Bacon, but I am relatively certain that it found expression amongst classical Roman authors, but I can't find the reference that I had anymore.

Foucault's arguments were slightly different, more complex, stating that all expression is political, and working to the power that cultural expression, which includes knowledge, can have. At least I think so, it has been a long time since I last read about him, and haven't read the original.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientia_potentia_est

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