I read somewhere that more than 70 ℅ of philosophers are atheists and I was amazed and curious that what part of philosophy supports religion ? Or is religion itself is somehow it's own philosophy ? Thanks
There have been long periods of time in every major philosophical tradition when philosophy has been carefully shaped to lie within a religious context.
Hindu philosophy is clearly Hindu. Aristotelian philosophy between the time Greece left off leading the West, and the time it got back to Europe, was carefully cultivated in a way that would not offend Islam. Platonic and Aristotelian philosophy within Europe was carefully monitored and fitted into a Christian context from early on until the end of Scholasticism. And so forth.
So, historically, there seems to be no basic clash between philosophy and religion, except over which should dominate the mindset of a period. Our own period is one that cannot see religion as a predominant force in shaping thought, but that is largely a post-Victorian phenomenon, restricted to the West.
these days (and in fact for centuries) prominent (Christan) theologians are as well versed in philosophy as any secular philosopher. in that tradition, at least, there is no inherent incompatibility between philosophy and "religion". then again, there is no inherent incompatibility between science and religion - there is no shortage of first-rate scientists who are also deeply re ligious.
I would argue religion is inherently philosophical, one proof of this is how many variations of Christianity there are. Those variations wouldn't exist without people that questioned the Church, scripture, and God.
Philosophy is a tool and tools by themselves cannot create context. For instance, if philosophy were a programming language then Christianity would be a git hub project written in that language. To go one step further, atheism in this analogy would be the issues tab on github.
I'm not bashing atheism necessarily, remember that philosophical knowledge can be used to compliment religion as well as scrutinize it. Atheism at times can contrast with religion as a reminder or a warning that is very wrong. However, atheism is neither a tool nor a project, it is simply a critique.
Jainism & Buddhism are atheistic religions arises out of philosophies. You can refer their philosophical texts. Hinduism is a religion, it's Philosophy is monism( if talking in a loose way).
Anyway, how will you precisely define Philosophy? How it differs from doctrines, tenets, believes etc? Because interpretations are based on what we understand from the term Philosophy.