Why does Bertrand Russell say that Aristotle was the last Greek philosopher to face the world cheerfully?

... I need(!) an answer to this question. I've read the whole chapter on Aristotle (in the History of Western Philosophy) and googled this quote, but I didn't find what I needed.

1 Answer 1


Bertand Russell is discussing Hellenistic philosophy : Stoic philosophy, skepticism, Cynic philosophy etc.

He defines it a "philosophy of retreat", without interest in the world (considered bad) and thus not interested to promote science nor progress.

Compare with Aristotle's desire to understand.

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