The faculties of the nervous system are evolved. Therefore they depend on environmental pressure. Assuming we can only understand our environment to the extend that our evolved faculties allow us, is there a way to determine the perceptual limitations of the brain? What perspectives are we prone to favor as a result of our perceptual capabilities, which are evolved to solve specific tasks? How can this influence our approach to science? Is there a way to frame questions more "universally," by predicting our capabilities and inferring our blind-spots? Ecology can be used to predict what models humans make of the world, compared to the "whole truth."

closed as too broad by Conifold, virmaior, user19563, Keelan Dec 9 '16 at 15:49

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    This is more than one question, and these questions all relate much more to evolutionary biology rather than to philosophy except for "how can this influence our approach to science?", which would be at an intersection of biology and philosophy of science. Would you mind narrowing the scope of your question? – ejQhZ Dec 8 '16 at 12:59
  • Although not an answer, you might enjoy this post on evolutionary game theory and realism and its more philosophical follow-up as a nod in the direction of your question. – Artem Kaznatcheev Dec 8 '16 at 15:11
  • The idea of a blind spot is that in principle one can change one's position and see there. Even if our perceptual capabilities have a "blind spot" we can not jump out of them to see it, so the notion of "whole truth" seems dubious. Unless you mean relative "blind spots" that can be overcome with say better models and perspectives, but then that is the kind of "universality" and "neutrality" that science was always striving for in overcoming geocentrism, anthropocentrism, cultural idiosyncrasies, etc. Ecology may contribute to that, but what exactly is the question for us? – Conifold Dec 8 '16 at 20:29
  • @ArtemKaznatcheev Very interesting, these are exactly the concepts I was hinting at. Assume interfaces as a model of perception. The interface determines the possible ways we can understand our environment. By deriving the interface as a result of the environment, then it is possible to infer outside the interface and find representations of reality that do not come from biologically evolved intuition. – Jamie Dec 8 '16 at 23:03
  • @Conifold It's true that we can't step outside of perception, but if we know what those perceptions are, then we can start to infer the larger context of the world we live in. – Jamie Dec 8 '16 at 23:44