Safavid philosopher Mir Damad distinguishes between three kinds of 'worlds':
- Sarmadi is the eternal world, the space for God.
- Zamani is the temporal world, the space for created things like humans.
- Dahri is the atemporal, which seems to kind of in between the other two.
The "philosophy of time" section of Mir Damad's entry here tries to explain these three worlds and how they are related. It says dahri, the atemporal world, is the space for the pure archetypes (al-mujarradat), and that:
Every inferior stage, such as zaman, is in actual state of non-being to its superior state, in this case dahr. The real existence of the superior stage is identical to the actual non-being of the inferior stage. Reversing the order, the accidental defectiveness of the inferior stage - zaman to dahr, or dahr to sarmad - is not present in the superior stage.
Perhaps the temporal and eternal worlds are easy to understand because of the obvious example, but I'm having difficulties understanding the atemporal world.
Is there an easier way to explain this? What exists there and how is it related to the other two worlds? And how is introducing this world, in addition to the other two, useful?