A common idea of God is that he exists outside of time. Does this make sense? Here are some objects. Do any of them work?
- Impossibility of immutability: If God exists outside of time, then by definition he cannot change. If he cannot change, can he know what time it is now?
- According to this SEP article, being outside of time implies the B-series of time, which that SEP article says is impossible.
- Can there be any causation? If God "caused" the universe, he must have existed before it, but there is no before for God if he exists outside of time.
- Can God be rational if he cannot think, which stems from him not existing in time? He cannot say "because X, I do Y", because that would imply X exists before Y.
- Does it make sense for us to say God exists outside time? Discussed here.
- Does God know what it is like to experience time like we do, if he exists outside it?
- Isn't God fairly lifeless and disconnected if he cannot change at all?
- Are there any other objections? Do any of the ones here or here (arguments are in previous section of article also) work?