Nietzsche seems to have a certain fascination with figures like Goethe and Julius Caesar. I was wondering why this is the case. Why, specifically, does Nietzsche look up to Caesar so much. Why does he consider him to be so close to the overman ideal? I would also like to know why he had respect for Brutus. Thank you. I'm very interested in your answers.
In my personal opinion, Nietzsche as almost every philosopher that I know, looked at the mortal life through the concept of syllogisms.
In case of humans, with syllogism you can simply devide people into 'übermensch' and undermensch (sic!).
And he simply liked the 'über' ones more that the other :)
Additional notes: In German language prefix über has connotation of superiority, transcendence, excessiveness, or intensity. -mensch mean man.
As you see this traits match perfectly with the description of Julius Ceasar. That would mean that Nietzsche saw the impersonation of the Übermensch concepts in him.
The obvious answer is 'power' 'lack of pity' and 'art' -- the latter being less Caesar like, more Goethe, at least without the Christ like modifier.
He was also very fond of himself, and Nietzsche was, and is, particularly influential, in art. The gloss may help, though Nietzsche, like any philosopher, has phases of thought, and he doesn't just do ethics.