The entire earth is founded upon knowledge. An infinite amount of wisdom governs every single discovered structure. The distance between protons, neutrons, and electrons, and their individual charges, is information that pre-exists discovery, therefore to phrase your question to achieve a better answer:
Does knowledge exist outside of discovery? And if so, does that necessitate that knowledge transcends discovery, therefore preceding understanding and comprehension?
One cannot define truth if truth did not already exist. Truth has to exist for anything to be valid, and we see this is consistent with the laws of nature, which are governed by truths which, when disrupted, collapse into chaos or for use of a better word, decays/ decomposes. Every discipline, from music, mathematics, philosophy, linguistics, engineering, biology, chemistry, physics, sports and the list goes on are governed by structures, rules, principles, arrangements, orchestrations and constructs which hold each one together. The note arrangement on a musical score sheet, if disassembled from the chord structure and placed with notes running adhoc to a governed rhythm and miter creates a chaotic music piece. A building built without a foundation, and the necessary structures both vertically and horizontally, to accommodate and support the intended, future usage of the building, will collapse.
So, knowledge, by nature, is divine. Divine, being a word which we can synonimise and/ or subsitute with transcendent. We can observe this transcendent reality in pre-existing, absolute truths which govern common morality. Meaning, morality, regardless of discovery, pre-exists, as a law which governs and holds human nature together. When you take out one truth, such as "murder is wrong" and replace it with "murder is right", the outcome means destruction of the human race. We can observe this reality in the news. the same way, 2-2= 0, a male + male sexual relationship= 0 babies. Same goes with females. These are absolute truths. This is the case for morality, and the case for God. And the case for there being a monergistic, pre-eminent and infinite, omnipresent God. Intelligence is what we use to create a book, navigate a map, design a model, program a computer and so on. But we know our intelligence is derived from knowledge which transcends our discovery.
The case for the one, true, living God of Christianity, is compelling. So compelling that on every corner it stands immutable and formidable against every argument or reason against. Jesus Christ being named "The Word of God", who the bible says is "pre-eminent in all things", and "In Him all things hold together". It says that "He is the light that lights all men who come into the world", and "In Him is light and no darkness." He said, "I am the way, the truth, and the life."
The source of sound, of words, of light, of knowledge, of truth
Again "the earth was founded upon wisdom, and by knowledge the depths of the sea were measured out". So, the very fact that we are the only known sentient beings is not an accident; it says that humans are created in His image. We have been designed with a capacity to speak, to reason, to understand, to feel, and above all, know the difference between truth and a lie. To argue against absolute truth is to deny the very thing that makes us humans with a sense of moral justice, who sentence and punish law-breakers rightfully, because we rightfully know that theft, regardless of the cause, is wrong. Rape is rightfully punished. This God-given capacity within us is what we will all, one day be judged by. The knowledge and existence of sin is something we all have the capacity to understand, and that is proved by our judgments. We cannot escape truth, neither can we escape judgment.
Hence why Jesus, the Son of the triune Godhead, had to die in the place of mankind, so that there was an escape route made, through Him, from judgment, and to unite us back to the truth, which is the presence of the transcendent, all-knowing, all-powerful God who purposed all of creation in His wisdom and love. Cut a long explanation short, we had to have known what it is to sin, and be guilty of wrong doing, and deserving of punishment, in order for us to understand who God is; that He is kind, slow to anger, full of compassion, full of mercy and steadfast love, which is the part of His nature which transcends His judgment, because judgment begins in law, and the breaking of law, whereas mercy begins in Him, and in His presence. Hence why, "If you do not forgive others, then your Heavenly Father will not forgive you; Be merciful as your heavenly Father is merciful; Love your enemies; do good to those who do you evil."