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IEP on Descartes' 6th meditation says

how can Descartes make a legitimate inference from his independent understanding of mind and body as completely different things to their independent existence... there is no doubt about this possibility for Descartes and given the fact that God is all powerful... the power of God makes Descartes’ perceived logical possibility of minds existing without bodies into a metaphysical possibility. As a result, minds without bodies and bodies without minds would require nothing besides God’s concurrence to exist and, therefore, they are two really distinct substances.

Can there be no minds without bodies if there is no God? Or can there be minds without bodies and no God?

What do philosophers who critically study Descartes say about this question, which seems to be an argument for God (as it appears in the IEP)?

closed as unclear what you're asking by Conifold, user19563, jeroenk, Mauro ALLEGRANZA, commando Feb 24 '17 at 16:50

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  • @Mr.Kennedy is that an argument about the difference between possibility [can] and actuality? – user25714 Feb 24 '17 at 2:11
  • This is called the modal argument for mind-body dualism, in recent times it was defended by Kripke. Most philosophers are unimpressed by such arguments because the notions of "conceivability" and "metaphysical possibility" they employ are deeply obscure and subjective, see Are arguments based on conceivability refuted? – Conifold Feb 24 '17 at 2:49
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    Can you make your question clearer at the bottom? It seems to be winding in circles. Also, are you asking for people's opinions on this or is this question occurring within someone particular philosophical framework? – virmaior Feb 24 '17 at 3:14
  • "Can there be no minds without bodies if there is no God?" What does it means ? All bodies must be endowed with mind ? This is not so: animals have no mind in D's science (irrespective of God existence). – Mauro ALLEGRANZA Feb 24 '17 at 9:48
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    "Philosophers who critically study Descartes" in general by no means agree with his philosophy of mind. Cartesian dualism is one of those rare strains of philosophical thought that has more or less managed to die among actual philosophers. – commando Feb 24 '17 at 16:50