In this SEP entry, the author states that African Ethics are ethics ...
... of Duty, Not of Rights
A morality of duty is one that requires each individual to demonstrate concern for the interests of others. The ethical values of compassion, solidarity, reciprocity, cooperation, interdependence, and social well-being, which are counted among the principles of the communitarian morality, primarily impose duties on the individual with respect to the community and its members. All these considerations elevate the notion of duties to a status similar to that given to the notion of rights in Western ethics. African ethics does not give short-shrift to rights as such; nevertheless, it does not give obsessional or blinkered emphasis on rights. In this morality duties trump rights, not the other way around, as it is in the moral systems of Western societies. The attitude to, or performance of, duties is induced by a consciousness of needs rather than of rights. In other words, people fulfill—and ought to fulfill—duties to others not because of the rights of these others, but because of their needs and welfare
At first glance it appears that, if the same 'needs and welfare' are enshrined duties, I can expect everyone around my take care of them (providing me food when I would otherwise go hungry) while in a rights based framework I can only expect this of certain institutions (maybe a welfare state).
However, I'm not sure if this is a difference between liberalism where rights are far more often rights to be left alone in doing certain acts (free speech as absence of censorship by the sate) than rights to something (right to voice my opinion on a certain platform).
So my confusion how exaclty duty based ethics systems differ from rights based in everyday application.