The concept of "Altruism", rests on a notion of "Giving".
Now, to give ANYTHING, one MUST first have received SOMETHING, called "Existence" or "Life" through some kind of birth. This is the "Initial Gift", the first breath, this coming "into" reality, and this is spawns the initial thought of "Altruism". Recognizing we are in a living, breathing system, and we are all connected to it and through it, hence there is an underlying "Existence" to life and nature, and we feel gratitude towards this "Existence", relaying it back, through partners and family and society..
Altruism is a function of "Existence" + "A conscious choice". It states the knowledge of having, at some point in time and space, received the "Gift of Existence", and acknowledging this to a degree when you realize, that giving is living, it IS how "existence" works, therefore by giving, we are mimicking the "Existence"
After this is realized, it is merely a matter of HOW much you want to give back to "existence" according to how much you feel "a part" of same said "existence".
So my point being, "A true Altruist" would be an individual, totally connected to "existence", "nature", "The big everything", whatever we want to call "it".
Now, "giving" in a sense, is a perspective, in any case for any individual. We see mom's lifting cars, giving life back to her kid's, bee's humming in hives to sustain the hive, Mother Teresa helping the poor and sick in India etc etc. We DO things for others, realizing we can not function well alone.
Even the seclusive bear realizes this and at certain celestial time of the year, will try to breed. Birds, reptiles, fish, all walks of life instinctively follows this path to a degree..
All forms of life giving their unique "perspective" of "existence" back to other parts of same "existence" and are therefore connected.
Through this uniqueness of "being", we add our own "flavour" back and thus make the cycle continue from the first initial "breath" or "bang" to where we are Now!
So humans, really ponder this "Altruism".
"True Altruism" is the statement of "I realize because I exist", thereby taking a conscious decision to give back in some form, realizing "Existence" is always included in the fellow human.
So "Existence" and "Consciousness" are concepts and simultaneously facts. The assumption that "The Big Bang" came from nothing, rings a little silly. We cannot make things "disappear from existence" or come back from "nothing" INTO "existence". Also we can not reproduce consciousness. Ai is trying to copy that and is going towards the goal like the numbers climb towards an infinity, they'll never reach.
Therefore the assumption correctly would be, "existence" must be eternal and "consciousness" and "Altruism" are functions of that
A game could reflect that fact. The overlapping "selves" in conflicts you mentioned, being a good example.
Setup: 2 opposing armies each get 1 item, then made to make a decision to trade or keep (give or no-give) contemplating the difference between "what i have" and "what can i get". It will reach a fundamental core in most people. play with that :-)
All this is just philosophical, logic-based thoughts.
Thx for a good question!