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I'm not sure whether the subject "philosophy of speech" exists, but I was wondering whether someone can point me towards references where the question "why do humans use speech as a primary communication tool?" is addressed.

I want to precise that I'm not looking for references about "language" as a mean of communication but rather "speech" - I'm only interested in the spoken form of language not the written one (or any other form expressed through other means like art).

  • One book that deals with this question directly and who would be a necessary stop in any inquiry on this topic would be Jacques Derrida's "Of Grammatology", especially the first chapter "Writing Before the Letter". – ClearMountainWay Apr 17 '17 at 2:32
  • drop everything and read Bakhtin's brilliant essay "The Problem of Speech Genres". See also anything by Tomasello en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Tomasello – user20153 Apr 22 '17 at 19:15
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why do humans use speech as a primary communication tool?

Unless citing cause, or explaining "how", questions of "why?" are imponderable. In the former case, the explanation is biologically evolutionary, i.e. some humans use speech as a primary communication tool, and, species which use speech as a primary communication tool have an increased likelihood of survival. In the case of explaining "how?" these articles might be in the neighborhood of what you are looking for, however, speech is usually covered in the philosophy of language as a more general concept of utterance which includes any speech act:

"Performative Utterances"

"Speech Acts and Illocutionary Logic"

"How To Do Things With Words"

"Utterer's Meaning and Intention"

"Meaning"

"Intention and Convention in Speech Acts"

In the latter case of positing imponderables, you'll simply have to figure that out for yourself. To do so, I urge you to consider intentionality:

"Intentionality and it's Place in Nature"

"The Intentionality of Intention and Action"

...and ponder the intentionalistic primitives of perception (sensory nervous system) and action (motor nervous system) as they relate to the physiological and psychological capacity for speaking e.g. the logical structure of speech, and, how empirical verification of such biological functions may be obtained and hypotheses regarding assessed a truth value, confirmed and advanced.

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