Humans have an amazing capacity for pattern recognition. I don't understand Searle's assertion "it seems to me quite obvious in the example that I do not understand a word of the Chinese stories." Of course, he wouldn't understand after only a few iterations. But, as he continues to transcribe wouldn't he naturally recognize more and more patterns and correlations and, given infinite time, eventually learn Chinese?
Is there something that would prevent him from learning it?
Is it possible that Searle could learn to understand Chinese, but not the computer?
Summary of Searl's Thought Experiment
Suppose a computer passes the Turing Test in Chinese. Now, suppose I am alone in a room and perform the same computational tasks as the computer, but manually. After the manual program has run, the person who was having a conversation with the "computer" (me) assumes they were corresponding with a person who speaks Chinese. However, I still don't know Chinese. Therefore the Computer also doesn't know Chinese.