In the Structure of Scientific Revolutions Kuhn makes an off-hand remark that it seems like, in science, paradigms achieve a near-universal acceptance that rarely happens in non-scientific fields. This is especially evident when the first scientific paradigm emerges, as Kuhn points out that Newtonian mechanics and the first theory of magnetism united labs across the world who were working on different projects under a unified umbrella of inquiry. We can easily come up with contrastive examples of fields where paradigms develop and compete with each other, such as deontological vs virtue vs consequentialist ethics in philosophy.
Are there any authors who have seriously investigated the idea that this unifying character and universal acceptance of the paradigm is closely connected to what it means for inquiry to be scientific? I'm not convinced that I buy the strong version of this claim (that universal acceptance is characteristic of science) but I would be very interested in reading various accounts or analyses of the idea.