I meant this more as a grasp of what the word is saying, to our natural consciousness or reason, rather than an etymological inquiry into texts, but only more so, and primarily, I'm not ruling out conceptual and etymological analysis. But favouring existential, phenomenological and proximate common sense understanding.
I was concerned by some questions about the use, not only in Aristotle and the ancients, but in a broader use, of the term "contrary to nature", which is also sent to us, perhaps mainly through Christian texts, as "against nature". This term is para, παρὰ. παρὰ φύσιν.
We all know the notion of a paradox, and it was used, even in antiquity, to name the argument of Zeno concerning always going half way never getting on to the place to which one had set out to go. It strikes me that if one meditates over the paradox, and what is strange in it, how it is a para or weird thing, i.e, contrary or against expectation, a παρὰ δόξαν, 'doxa' means opinion, in such a reflection we can also grasp something of the Greek attitude to "morality", sound or solid knowledge of regularities helpful to human beings (the flight from exposure to blind chance, Fate, and, perhaps, the "paradox"?). That Agathos (soundness, sturdiness, or good) which was no Christian moralism or "good" (rather than evil).
In any case, is there such a study known concerning para? Or does anyone have any ideas about this? It alarms me that modern modulations of this notion are giving it a bad name. Thinking over the world, and not only supposed logical contradictions or paradoxies, is worthily aimed at by the Greeks. The human mind expects a tree of a certain kind to produce lemons, about the edges of its green branches, for instance, and this expectation is someone phusis, nature, in the traditional sense, born out of Aristotle's favored sense of the word, as that which happens when things are not perverted, as they were.
I suppose I am asking if anyone, by nature, has a propensity that will deepen this meditation over the conception of 'para', in this region of connections, such as with the notion of phusis as what comes forth on its own, but can be altered by external force, thus as a kind of autonomy of all things, or inner instinct even of stones. Of course, this is para to modern conceptions of forces of motion, but it is not so strange to ordinary observation.