What does Descartes mean when he uses the words "thought", and "doubt", in Cogito ergo sum.
Could you please give me possible interpretations and definitions of the words.
As the argument progresses, one would naturally assume that he meant two different things when he referred to those two words, and then finally assumes that "doubt" is a subset of "thought".
My real question is at what point did he assert that "doubt" is a subset of "thought"? Before he begins "Cogito", or after he has established his method of deduction, which is to doubt all that there is in the world.
Or did the order of the arguments not matter to him at all.
Wikipedia says this on Cogito ergo sum:
Accordingly, seeing that our senses sometimes deceive us, I was willing to suppose that there existed nothing really such as they presented to us; And because some men err in reasoning, and fall into Paralogisms, even on the simplest matters of Geometry, I, convinced that I was as open to error as any other, rejected as false all the reasonings I had hitherto taken for Demonstrations; And finally, when I considered that the very same thoughts (presentations) which we experience when awake may also be experienced when we are asleep, while there is at that time not one of them true, I supposed that all the objects (presentations) that had ever entered into my mind when awake, had in them no more truth than the illusions of my dreams.
It's clear from this, that Descartes allows himself to be the ultimate doubter, doubting everything that enters his mind.
Throughout my writings I have made it clear that my method imitates that of the architect. When an architect wants to build a house which is stable on ground where there is a sandy topsoil over underlying rock, or clay, or some other firm base, he begins by digging out a set of trenches from which he removes the sand, and anything resting on or mixed in with the sand, so that he can lay his foundations on firm soil. In the same way, I began by taking everything that was doubtful and throwing it out, like sand.
Descartes's method for seeking out knowledge. The Cogito has to be based on it. So, clearly Descartes intends to seek out the indubitable, but by first throwing out all that is doubtful, by applying doubt to all.