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I'm struck by the similarity between fallacies and cognitive biases. For example, there's a bandwagon bias and a bandwagon fallacy.

Can anyone tell me if anyone has created a chart or system that matches fallacies with their most closely related counterparts among cognitive biases? In other words, if someone reads a statement and declares, "Aha, a red herring fallacy!" they might next determine that the red herring fallacy exploits a particular cognitive bias.

  • Great question. There must be a correlation but I've never seen a study. . – PeterJ Dec 15 '17 at 12:56
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Can anyone tell me if anyone has created a chart or system that matches fallacies with their most closely related counterparts among cognitive biases?

It all depends: when you say chart do you mean something that you can pin up on your wall? Or would a book suffice? If so, then there's a few books that may be of relevance.

For a useful reference that catalogues fallacies and biases, I would recommend the book:

Bennett, B. (2012). Logically fallacious: The ultimate collection of over 300 logical Fallacies (academic edition). eBookIt.com

Unfortunately, it's not particularly useful in characterising the cognitive biases and heuristics that underpin these fallacies. Nevertheless, here is the entry for the bandwagon effect, also known as argumentum ad numeram:

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And of the Red Herring fallacy (Ignoratio elenchi):

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An alternative reference that I think is more akin to what you're after is this reference:

Pohl, R. (Ed.). (2004). Cognitive illusions: A handbook on fallacies and biases in thinking, judgement and memory. Psychology Press.

Considerably more detail is provided for each entry. The shortcoming here, however, is that it only examines about 20 or so fallacies and biases.

  • You just sold a copy of both books. ;) – David Blomstrom Dec 16 '17 at 1:17
  • @DavidBlomstrom i recommend you click the links – faustus Dec 17 '17 at 0:54
  • The links don't work (for me). However, I can find the books @ Amazon. – David Blomstrom Dec 17 '17 at 6:09

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