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What's "future research" and how can they know anything about the future?

Isn't it epistemologically impossible? Single people cannot know what others think or do. They can formulate ideas (anyone can do it), but they cannot predict what others will think and do?

So what are they really doing?

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    They're making an educated guess; it's an easy guess, for example, that renewable energy is going to attain more and more importance as time goes on. – Mozibur Ullah Dec 9 '17 at 13:18
  • @MoziburUllah Why do people need to pay some university lazy people to make educated guesses for them? – mavavilj Dec 9 '17 at 13:21
  • if you want to chat, there's here. – Mozibur Ullah Dec 9 '17 at 13:22
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    If experts from different fields draw up a set of possible scenarios and outcomes, then you probably have a good overview of what to expect in the future, in terms of a range of possible outcomes. That allows you to prepare ahead of time, in an average sense or for a worst case outcome. The longer you look into the future however, the worse your predictions are going to become. This is for more complex systems. – jjack Dec 9 '17 at 13:31
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    @mavavilj I'm hoping for some snowball-type effect on that when some influential and rich countries like Germany and China move ahead on the issue, others will follow. From what China is doing in this respect at the moment, I think it's a good start. – jjack Dec 9 '17 at 14:36
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The question is a bit unclear, however "future research" may refer to research that might be done to provide more insight into a topic. A lot of times the results of a study are unclear and so future research is needed in order to make a theory more robust. This condition often arises in proposed medical treatment.

Future research, and predictions about the outcomes of that research, are how we move science forward. As an example, I have proposed "future research" into a number of different questions. A Chinese study on asymptomatic pertussis carriage, for instance, suggests the need to do a similar study in the United States. I have concluded that if the rate of carriage is similar, future research will reveal a high number of previously unrecognized infections.

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Grant proposals frequently explicitly discuss "future research" (as suggested by DanielGoldman's answer). Is some such proposal where you read the phrase that prompted your question?

Proposals will typically discuss in exhaustive detail (including personnel, equipment,etc) the research to be conducted and funded by the grant. And there's typically also a "future research" section, describing further research that may be proposed depending on the outcome(s) of the current research.

That is, the full research programme is decomposed into several investigations. Moreover, the scope of that full programme can't be entirely known or understood beforehand. So the scope evolves as results from earlier investigations help to more clearly define the overall direction of the subsequent research.

Nobody's suggesting they know anything about the future. Quite the opposite, "future research" is typically humbly suggesting ignorance about the outcome(s) of the immediately-funded investigation. But evaluating the current grant proposal also typically involves evaluating the principal investigator's plans for follow-up research. So he has to submit some kind of "future research" ideas along with his current proposal.

  • So it's an "assistive" body for other, proper sciences and activities? – mavavilj Dec 10 '17 at 10:29
  • It's weird though that "future studies" at least in my country are in the humanities department. So it's soft science. – mavavilj Dec 10 '17 at 10:30
  • @mavavilj I'm not following your "so it's an 'assistive' body" question -- what "it" is "it's an..." referring to? And what exactly do you mean by "'assistive' body"? Regarding "humanities", yeah, that's a bit weird to me, too. I'm only personally familiar with grant propsals for hard sciences (particularly atmospheric sciences) in the US. – John Forkosh Dec 11 '17 at 7:54

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