My main objective is to see how a particular technology instantiates or doesn't instantiate particular ideas of "socially/societally good". I'm more of a technologist, so it would help if someone point to a book or paper outlining the main concepts (and comparing, ideally!). Such work might not exist, so simply laying out the main concepts, which might be obvious to a political or similar philosopher, would also help hugely. Thus far the answer has eluded me.
The question is: What are the main concrete conceptualisations of social/societal good and a good society?
Social/societal good as in, building a hospital is socially good (perhaps). By "good society" I mean a function of X, Y, and Z such that a project maximising the good society function would be considered socially/societally good. For example, Amitai Etzioni's communitarianism work (a concept of a good society) seems to be important, but I am unsure how it relates to other work (e.g., Rawls).