Nietzsche I'm told wasn't interested with the metaphysical truth of christianity being convinced it is obviously untrue and was more interested in its social effects. But what were those reasons in Nietzsches case that made him think it was untrue? Was it a family death or all the suffering in the world that seemed inconsistant with a loving god?

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    No. That would be inconsistent with his claim that "Christianity is a system, a consistently thought out and complete view of things." Rather, he was very dogmatic, basing his views on nothing more than his gut feelings, as he said himself, "I have not come to know atheism as a result of logical reasoning and still less as an event in my life: in me it is a matter of instinct."
    – user3017
    Commented Jan 22, 2018 at 13:35
  • You can see: Walter Kaufmann, Nietzsche: Philosopher, Psychologist, Antichrist (first ed 1950), Ch.12 NIETZSCHE’S REPUDIATION OF CHRIST, as well as Bernd Magnus (editor), The Cambridge Companion to Nietzsche (1996), Ch.3 Nietzsche and the JudaeoChristian tradition. Commented Jan 22, 2018 at 14:01
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    N's views about religion must also be understood in the context of the critique of Christianity developed by Feuerbach and other philosophers of the Hegelian Left. He was not only an atheist; he claimed that his critique of religion demonstrated the reasons why human beings become religious and the mechanisms by which they comprehend the religious realm. Commented Jan 22, 2018 at 14:03

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It is not about God, at root. It is not the theology of Christianity that he openly disrespected. It was the mechanism of elevating the sentiments of the underprivileged (compliance, modesty, forgiveness) over more honest human motivations. (He would most likely be just as disgusted by modern post-Christian social justice warriors who double down on those sentiments and consider Christianity among the oppressive forces that empower some people over others.)

It was the feeling that attempts at social control are never entirely honest. As PeDeLeao points out above, but takes out of context, his aversion is part of an instinct toward authenticity, which does not allow for chosen positions that conform the individual to society as praiseworthy in themselves. (He complains often elsewhere about this instinct as a disease.)

As he lays out in the Genealogy of Morals, Nietzsche sees Christianity as an ingenious attempt to control natural humanity. He later enumerates Jesus as one of the great Creators. He points out that Christianity is a designed psychology that works by inverting one of naive human emotionality's main driving forces -- the feeling we have that links effectiveness and freedom to deserving. It instead links effective control of other people (the rich man) and pursuing one's own ends (unencumbered by God's plan) with selfishness, pettiness and arrogance (through the Lucifer mythology), and ultimately with evil.

As such a carefully tuned manipulation, it could not really be honest at its root, it must actually be based in the desire for order, and the advancement of the species that constructed it.

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