I have just started studying some arguments on the existence of God. They all inherit a common feature: all use some explanations of the universe. For instance, take Kalam proof for God. It states everything has a cause, the world has a begining and so there the world has a cause which we take as God. For another example, in Aquinas’s Five ways, he in general argues based on the fact that infinite series of dependent essence cannot exist. Personally, I expected to reach an argument that is not based on any explanation of the mechanism of the world. Whatever we think is right, in an ideal situation one should be able to prove their statement to an alien or to a person without any sense. For this reason, first I ask my question and second, I propose my guess which leads to another question. Here is my question:
Is there any argument for or against the existence of God that is NOT based on any explanation of how the universe work?
The answer probably is no. So I propose my main question:
Is there any proof that states there is NO such argument which means there is no argument for or against God that is not based on any explanation of the universe?
P. S. Please note that I mean “no explanation” and not “no observation”. What the question is seeking is a totally logical argument based on common sense of a human. Another concern is that the second and main question asks for a no-go theorem but the first question ask, at the first hand, for an argument for the proof or disproof of God. Probably this is not the case, so my second question is basically a question in logic.