Eduard von Hartmann's view of vitalizm follows a little twist of Schelling’s combination of vitalizm and mechanism. I like his approach for vitalizm view of evolution theory, and it's interesting to me if there's any contemporary philosopher/scientist that follows this line of thought? Is there maybe a school of thought based on it?

  • @Gordon I just want to state, as I'm not familiar with Eros and Thanatos, I'm talking about Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, the author of Philosophy of the Unconscious. Any chance we're not talking about the same philosopher? Feb 13, 2018 at 18:16
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    Wikipedia has a brief piece on his reception. He influenced Schopenhauer and Freud, but I doubt he has a following, his philosophy was seen as incoherent by contemporaries as different as Husserl and Nietzsche. Bergson's vitalistic view of evolution was far more influential and overshadowed earlier attempts.
    – Conifold
    Feb 13, 2018 at 20:58
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    The key was when Spielrein developed the idea of the death instinct probably from inspiration from reading Hartmann. Freud was already aware of Hartmann, but this work of Spielrein was the missing piece that Freud needed. From this came his "Civilization and its Discontents" one of the most important essays of the last century.
    – Gordon
    Feb 16, 2018 at 13:23
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    I should say above in a short answer to your question: yes. We know Freud had read Hartmann, he had already been influenced by him. And then Sabina Spielrein had also studied Hartmann. She put together the key piece. See Destruction Paper: en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sabina_Spielrein
    – Gordon
    Feb 16, 2018 at 14:50
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    @Gordon wow, thanks for all of this information. That helps a lot. Feb 16, 2018 at 15:21


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