Drunkenness has both subjective and objective aspects. The subjective aspect is the altered state of consciousness. On the other hand, the presence of certain amount of alcohol in blood plasma, or being unable to walk on a straight line are the objective aspects. Now is the statement "I'm drunk" subjective or objective?

Drunkenness is a simple example. However, if we accept physicalism, or more specifically the idea that every conscious experience is related to a unique pattern in the brain, can we conclude that all statements are somehow objective?

  • You are using the term in the wrong context for philosophy. Objective expresses there is no bias in the evaluation & the truth value must remain the same. So unless you are drunk forever the claim is clearly not objective. You are using objective as a scientific term as in sense verifiable results such as alcohol in the blood. – Logikal May 24 '18 at 14:17
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    Objective and subjective themselves are very vague terms. There is no consensus among philosophers on their meaning. Some of them don't believe objective truths exist (some don't even believe truthness is possible). – rus9384 May 24 '18 at 14:31
  • @Logikal, what about "Alice was drunk at 12:00 AM 1/1/2018" and "Alice was sad at 12:00 AM 1/1/2018"? – Asmani May 24 '18 at 14:54
  • If you include specific details as you did the truth value remains the same. – Logikal May 24 '18 at 14:57
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    A starting point that may be of interest for you if you like to read on self-knowledge and its truth-conditions: Moran, R. (2001). Authority and estrangement: An essay on self-knowledge. Princeton University Press. This is kind of the classical book on that subject. – Philip Klöcking May 24 '18 at 16:24

Objective is verifiable against a standard/definition

From Wikipedia: Objective (philosophy)

Objectivity is a central philosophical concept, objective means being independent of the perceptions thus objectivity means the property of being independent from the perceptions, which has been variously defined by sources. Generally, objectivity means the state or quality of being true even outside a subject's individual biases, interpretations, feelings, and imaginings.

Hence an objective statement is one that can be independently verified against some kind of standard or definition, and where different people will arrive at the same conclusion independent of their own interpretations and/or biases.

Subjective experience — or "Qualia" — on the other hand is an experience that is not measurable. A subjective experience exists only in the mind of the observer, and different observers seeing the same thing make come to different conclusions. The Internet have made famous two such instances: The Dress and Laurel or Yanni.

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Objectively, this dress is black and blue. Subjectively, some see it as white and gold, incl. yours truly

There is one thing that can cause a bit of confusion because we use shorthand when expressing ourselves. Sometimes — but not always — when we say "That thing is...", what we actually mean is "The way I perceive that thing, it appears to be...".

In cases such as the question or The Dress and Laurel/Yanni is becomes important to distinguish between these things. In the case of the dress, I would need to say: "The Dress is black and blue, and I perceive it as white and gold".

So what about "I'm drunk"? Do you mean "I am — objectively speaking — drunk", or do you mean "I perceive myself as drunk". This is ambiguous and can be interpreted in both ways. So which is it?

Well there is no common standard for "drunk". There are however concepts such as "legally intoxicated". Since intoxication means impairment, most jurisdictions mandate that you may not do certain things when you are impaired... things such as driving.

And for that purpose, legal systems define standards for intoxication, standards by which you can compare a person's level of intoxication by looking at their blood alcohol content (BAC).

Some nations have a zero tolerance for alcohol when driving, meaning that even a 0.01% BAC means you are legally drunk. However most people would not perceive themselves as drunk at that state. So the fact that you can be objectively drunk while subjectively not drunk, the answer to your questions are:

The statement "I'm Drunk" is — in all probability — both an objective and a subjective statement.

No, not all statements are (somewhat) objective, because you can be subjectively right but objectively wrong. They key is that perceptions exist in your head, and as such are not independently verifiable — or may even be opposed to the corresponding objective assessment — and therefore not objective.

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    FYI, Harry Frankfurt and Richard Moran discuss an epistemologically privileged access of the person to states as e.g. being in pain of a certain level, i.e. cases where subjective basically is the best standard for how the world objectively is. – Philip Klöcking May 26 '18 at 18:01

There are less ambiguous distinctions that can be made about say, being drunk.

There is a first-person account, which would also always be subjective, and a third-person account. The first-person account will be about how it feels to be drunk, and the third person account will be about the altered behavior of a person who is drunk. The amount of alcohol in someone's blood, or the amount of blood in someone's alcohol as the case may be, is not an objective indicator of either first or third person drunkenness.

Another distinction that can usefully be made is between description and explanation.

The description can be either from a first or third-person perspective, and the explanation may be the amount of alcohol consumed, which would differ for every person.

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