I have seen some posts about knowledge but want to explore another perspective.
Here is the sort of thing I thought, maybe you can help with a complete answer or at least give some recommendation. The question is how knowledge, in close relation with scientific knowledge, is obtained.
There are, it seems, three ways of knowledge:
- Observation and classification. Also comparison. It is produced when looking what unify and distinguish things. Knowledge produced by Linneo on botanics, or states of matter (gas, liquid, solid...) and so on, are examples.
- Causality: Understanding the cause. Some could argue: 'fire burns because of wood.' Then as you are smarter, you cover the five and it powers off. So it needs more than wood, it needs oxygen.
- Reductionism. Explaining from the more general point of view of deeper levels.
This naive list is not correct but that's the sort of scheme I'm looking for.