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Is there some way to distinguish between "better" and "worse" political ideologies on some general level?

It's clear that there are some subjective beliefs/preferences such as being in favor of labour philosophies, if one belongs to a lower wealth class.

But I also believe that there could be an objective political context, that is, political ideas that should be rational regardless of subjective viewpoint. It would contain the most fundamental and universal beliefs.

But, what/how can one identify things that belong there? Criterion of universality (i.e. how many believe in it), criterion of "hardness" (e.g. that killing is bad), something else?

  • I suspect the answer is "no" based on Moral Foundation Theory because there are multiple moral foundations that are somewhat contradictory. So there are many ways to be right and many ways to use one's rational ability to justify different political positions. See Jonathan Haidt's The Righteous Mind. I'll try to answer this in more detail, but I left the reference in case I don't. – Frank Hubeny Sep 2 '18 at 18:11
  • I agree with @FrankHubeny. One way to judge how "good" something is to determine how well it satisfies its intended goal. Before you can find a good or bad political ideology, you have to decide what a good or bad society is. Is freedom more important than law and order? Is feeding people more important than the concept of personal ownership? And pretty much every other political question in the universe :) – barrycarter Sep 2 '18 at 20:57
  • @barrycarter But then since different people claim to value different things, does that end to an unsolvable chaos? How can one select more objective beliefs among "all beliefs"? – mavavilj Sep 2 '18 at 21:17
  • Can you give an example of a truly objective belief? Remember, people don't even agree on facts. Aside from basic tautologies (and maybe not even those), you can pretty much argue any belief is not completely objective. – barrycarter Sep 2 '18 at 21:19
  • "Democracy is the worst form of government, except for all those other forms that have been tried from time to time", made famous by Churchill. One could come up with some measures, like average wealth or the number of people imprisoned and killed, to back this up, but of course if one is a relativist about "good" it will be no less relative with ideologies than with anything else. – Conifold Sep 2 '18 at 21:20

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