Understand Postmodernism: A Teach Yourself Guide. Glenn Ward BA in fine art (painting), University of Plymouth, 1990; MA in Visual Culture, Bath Spa University, 1992; PhD in film studies, University of Sussex, 2011. p. XI.
Postmodernism insists on ‘self-conscious, self-contradictory, self-undermining statement’. Since few people trust their convictions or believe the world can change for the better, irony is the only option. Some see this as cynicism.
Which type(s) of irony is intended here?
See the question in title.